IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Fiscal Discretion and Its Impact on Pakistan Economy


  • Muhammad Ismail

    (University of Central Punjab, Rawalpindi Campus)

  • Fazal Husain

    (Department of Economics, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad.)


This paper studies the discretionary fiscal policy, its size and particularly the impact of discretionary government spending on output, employment level and inflation over the period of 39 years from 1971-72 to 2009-10. The discretionary fiscal policy is identified through the residual term (based on a fiscal reaction function), political system and market structure. Antonio Fatás and Ilian Mihov (2003) model is amended by including employment level and inflation for quantitative estimates of discretionary policy then this discretion is regressed against output, employment level and inflation variation. The paper finds the presence of fiscal discretion but this discretion does not influence the output, employment and inflation significantly. It attempts to highlight the succinct merits and demerits of the debated discretionary fiscal policy for Pakistan economy. Lastly it suggests a political and economically suitable policy framework to be made available to public policy-makers for discretionary policy conduct so that desired influence on economic variables could be achieved.

Suggested Citation

  • Muhammad Ismail & Fazal Husain, 2012. "Fiscal Discretion and Its Impact on Pakistan Economy," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 51(4), pages 339-364.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:51:y:2012:i:4:p:339-364

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Riaz, Nimra & Munir, Kashif, 2016. "Fiscal Policy and Macroeconomic Stability in South Asian Countries," MPRA Paper 74247, University Library of Munich, Germany.


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:51:y:2012:i:4:p:339-364. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Khurram Iqbal). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.