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Sustaining Economic Development by Reforming Basic Institutions through Community Participation

  • Usman Mustafa

    (Area Development Programme (ADP)-Extension Services Management Academy (ESMA), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Garhi Dopatta, Azad Jammu & Kashmir.)

  • M. Afzal Mir

    (Area Development Programme (ADP)-Extension Services Management Academy (ESMA), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Garhi Dopatta, Azad Jammu & Kashmir.)

It is universally accepted and advocated that without community involvement and participation, development initiatives either in the economic or social sector, have little chances of success/sustainability, especially at the grassroots level, where the majority of the country’s population lives [AKRSP (1984, 1999); FAO (1989); Khan et al. (1984) and Mustafa (1998)]. In this connection the concept and approaches of community development have been tested in Northern Areas of Pakistan and the principles and experiences have been replicated in some other parts of the country by Non Government Organisations (NGOs), different national and international government projects and programmes [Mustafa and Grunewald (1996); NRMP (1993) and NRSP (1995)]. The need for conceptualising a realistic framework for collaboration between government/other development agencies and community organisations engaged in pursuit of both social and economic goals is imperative for an equitable and sustainable development because when it comes to community involvement, the two sectors cannot be divorced from each other [Khan (1999) and Reid and Khan (1996)]. The objectives of the paper are: to highlight the need and the importance of grassroots non-government institutions based on participatory community development approaches; to analyse the role of community participation models in the country and to recommend strategies for an effective linkage between grassroots non-government organisations and basic-services-driven government institutes for effective and sustainable development; also to review and recommend primitive structural changes in basic institutions as development partners.

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Article provided by Pakistan Institute of Development Economics in its journal The Pakistan Development Review.

Volume (Year): 38 (1999)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 1233-1246

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Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:38:y:1999:i:4:p:1233-1246
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