IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Maize in the Rainfed Areas of Pakistan: An Analysis for Production Sustainability


  • Kalbe Abbas

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad.)

  • Habib Iqbal Javed

    (National Agricultural Research Centre, (NARC), Islamabad.)

  • Sajjad-UR-Rehman

    (National Agricultural Research Centre, (NARC), Islamabad.)


The turning issue in agriculture of this era is sustainability and self reliance. There are several definitions of sustainability described by various scientists. Broadly, it means that the improvement in agriculture should be long lasting in view of changing environmental and socio-economic conditions. The high yielding technology available today is not fully adopted because of high cost and changing price structure of the important inputs. Under the present circumstances, the need arises to tailor the production practices according to the need of the farmers for long-term adoption. Sustainable agricultural systems are those that rely on lower inputs of energy and agricultural chemicals to achieve long-term productivity and environmental compatibility. However, Balanos (1998) concludes that the low input systems are low in productivity. Firebaugh (1990) mentioned the proposals given by J.F. Pars and colleagues that the ultimate target of the farmers in sustainable agriculture is to increase productivity and profitability. He also added that we should get benefit from germplasm which can survive over a long period of time. Maize, the major crop of the rainfed areas during summer season, is consumed as food, fodder and feed and have so many industrial uses. The scientists have been trying to search ways for enhanced production of maize under rainfed conditions. Reeves (1997) endorsed the findings of Pinstup-Anderson and Pandya-Lorch that the application of the results of agricultural research in the world is meant for enhanced food production, higher yields with reduced risks, lower production costs and ultimately for lower food prices which have benefited both rural and urban poor people.

Suggested Citation

  • Kalbe Abbas & Habib Iqbal Javed & Sajjad-UR-Rehman, 1998. "Maize in the Rainfed Areas of Pakistan: An Analysis for Production Sustainability," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 37(4), pages 235-243.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:37:y:1998:i:4:p:235-243

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Goldman, Richard H., 1975. "Staple Food Self-Sufficiency and the Distributive Impact of Malaysian Rice Policy," Food Research Institute Studies, Stanford University, Food Research Institute, issue 03.
    2. M. Ghaffar Chaudhry, 1995. "Recent Input-Output Price Policy in Pakistan's Agriculture: Effects on Producers and Consumers," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 34(1), pages 1-23.
    3. Howarth E. Bouis, 1992. "Food Demand Elasticities by Income Group by Urban and Rural Populations for Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 31(4), pages 997-1017.
    4. Amir Mahmood & M. Ghaffar Chaudhry, 1994. "Self-reliance Policy in Edible Oil and the Social Profitability of Pakistan's Oilseed Crops," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 33(4), pages 819-835.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:37:y:1998:i:4:p:235-243. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Khurram Iqbal) or (Rebekah McClure). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.