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Electoral cycles in Philippine fiscal and monetary policy

Author

Listed:
  • Daryl Patrick Evangelista

    (University of the Philippines School of Economics)

  • Philip Amadeus Libre

    (University of the Philippines School of Economics)

Abstract

Filipino politicians are frequently characterized as being driven by office-seeking motives. Despite this, surprisingly little systematic evidence is available to support the electoral-cycle hypothesis in the Philippines. This paper tests the real-world relevance of the longstanding belief in election economics by using intervention analysis or interrupted time-series analysis, a version of the classical multiple regression model, to determine the impact of elections on economic policies and economic outcomes. Time-series regressions confirm the presence of political business cycles in measures of fiscal policy such as total government expenditures and public construction spending. However, monetary authorities show no inclination to engage in pre-electoral expansion on their own. They respond to higher money demand near election periods by adjusting the domestic and foreign components of the monetary base to stabilize the growth of monetary aggregates. The net effect of fiscal policy manipulations on measures of aggregate economic activity is found to be negligible.

Suggested Citation

  • Daryl Patrick Evangelista & Philip Amadeus Libre, 2008. "Electoral cycles in Philippine fiscal and monetary policy," Philippine Review of Economics, University of the Philippines School of Economics and Philippine Economic Society, vol. 45(2), pages 119-159, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:phs:prejrn:v:45:y:2008:i:2:p:119-159
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    File URL: http://pre.econ.upd.edu.ph/index.php/pre/article/view/180/644
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    political business cycle; monetary policy; fiscal policy;

    JEL classification:

    • O23 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development
    • P16 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Political Economy of Capitalism
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes

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