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Long-Run Convergence in Social Protection across EU Countries, 1970-1999


  • Sosvilla-Rivero, Simon
  • Herce, Jose A
  • de Lucio, Juan-Jose


This paper examines the degree of convergence in social protection in the European Union during the 1970-99 period. To that end, we use Eurostat data and study the long-run properties of the data set applying time series analysis. Our results indicate that there is no evidence of long-run convergence in social protection expenditure to GDP ratios. However, we do find evidence of catching-up with respect both to Germany and the EU average for all countries belonging to EU12, except for Greece.

Suggested Citation

  • Sosvilla-Rivero, Simon & Herce, Jose A & de Lucio, Juan-Jose, 1998. "Long-Run Convergence in Social Protection across EU Countries, 1970-1999," Public Finance = Finances publiques, , vol. 53(3-4), pages 439-451.
  • Handle: RePEc:pfi:pubfin:v:53:y:1998:i:3-4:p:439-51

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    9. Trehan, Bharat & Walsh, Carl E, 1991. "Testing Intertemporal Budget Constraints: Theory and Applications to U.S. Federal Budget and Current Account Deficits," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 23(2), pages 206-223, May.
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