Perú: propuesta de redistribución de los recursos del canon y regalias mineras a nivel municipal
In this study the Peruvian intergovernmental transfer system was re-designed taking into consideration both horizontal equity and transverse compensation in the distribution of resources. In doing so, the Ahmad, Singh and Fortuna (2004)â€™s methodology was used, the same which proposes a formula to equalize intergovernmental transfers by calculating fiscal capacities and spending requirements at the municipal level. The results of the study are 5: (i) the municipalities located at mining regions receive more resources than they should receive according to their fiscal capacities and spending needs; (ii) the municipalities located at mining regions received S/. 1.364,3 millions (US$ 455 millions) in excess, which represents a surplus of 67,5%; (iii) when a entire reform of the transfer system is implemented, the whole of the resources that municipalities placed at mining regions receive in excess are redistributed between non-mining municipalities; (iv) the variance of the resources inter-regional distribution declines gradually in each of the 3 stages of the proposed reform; (v) additional resources are not necessary to equalize the intergovernmental transfer system, only political will is needed. At the end, the study establishes 4 guidelines to implement a reform of the Peruvian intergovernmental transfer system.
Volume (Year): (2009)
Issue (Month): 64 ()
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