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De la necesidad a las preferencias: los significados de la libertad


  • Javier Iguiñiz Echeverría

    (Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú - Departamento de economía)


In this paper we analyze the meaning of four concepts, subsistence, needs, wants and preferences from the viewpoint of their association with the concepts of life sustenance and freedom. Our aim is to show that the concentration by mainstream economic theory in the last two allows it to avoid dealing with the most important economic problems of today: poverty and underdevelopment. Moreover, it trivializes the meaning of freedom, and specifically of freedom to choose. As freedom increases, loses substance.

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  • Javier Iguiñiz Echeverría, 2003. "De la necesidad a las preferencias: los significados de la libertad," Revista Economía, Fondo Editorial - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, issue 51-52, pages 63-100.
  • Handle: RePEc:pcp:pucrev:y:2005:i:51-52:p:63-100

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    1. Johansen, Soren & Juselius, Katarina, 1990. "Maximum Likelihood Estimation and Inference on Cointegration--With Applications to the Demand for Money," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 52(2), pages 169-210, May.
    2. Granger, C. W. J. & Newbold, Paul, 1986. "Forecasting Economic Time Series," Elsevier Monographs, Elsevier, edition 2, number 9780122951831 edited by Shell, Karl.
    3. Adolfo Figueroa, 1991. "Transformación en la Agricultura de América Latina: Capitalismo y Campesinado," Capítulos de Libros PUCP / Chapters of PUCP books,in: La agricultura latinoamericana: crisis, transformaciones y perspectivas, edition 1 Fondo Editorial - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
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