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El modelo centro-periferia en los Andes

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  • Efraín Gonzales de Olarte

    () (Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú - Departamento de economía)

  • Cecilia Lévano de Rossi

Abstract

The shaping of a center-periphery system depends on several economic and geographical factors that interact on a given space. Besides, the degree of openness of a country's economy conditions the productive character of its regions. This essay explores the differential effects of either liberal or protectionist trade economic policies on a center-periphery system. Generally, the center tends to be industrial although, depending on the productive structure, it can be either importer or exporter, which has opposing effects on employment and revenues. Our model shows that a center can be industrial and importer if it has an exporter periphery. It specifies that, if the periphery's exports are natural resource intensive, income tends to favor the center. On the contrary, if the periphery exports labor-intensive goods, the contrary should be the case. Thus, technology and quality of exports are the main determinants of a center-periphery system.

Suggested Citation

  • Efraín Gonzales de Olarte & Cecilia Lévano de Rossi, 2001. "El modelo centro-periferia en los Andes," Revista Economía, Fondo Editorial - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, issue 47, pages 69-90.
  • Handle: RePEc:pcp:pucrev:y:2001:i:47:p:69-90
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