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Cambios en la oferta laboral de la familia limeña


  • Cecilia Garavito

    () (Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú - Departamento de economía)


Labor reform, through its effects on the labor market adjustment, has caused chanpes in the capacity of generation of income of the families. Changes in laoor legislation’s effects over the adjustment of the formal labor market and of the informal sector, affect the access to a remunerated occupation of the individuals, leading to a reassignment of labor resources of the families in an attempt to maintain previous consumption levels. The objective of this work is to analyze changes in labor behavior of families, in a context of relative stagnation of the economic activity, and after a brief period of growth with little employment generation. By means of the data from Living Standards Measurement Study of 1997, for Lima Metropolitana, we found that the allocation of family labor forte between the labor market and domestic activities is determined by differences in gender and in the relative position in the household. By means of Logit equations we analyze the determinants of the labor participation of the heads of the household and spouses. We found that the labor participation of the heads of the household is determined by individual, familiar and economic context variables, whereas the labor participation of the spouses seems to be more influenced by familiar and economic context variables. A fundamental change in the behavior of the spouses is that confronted to a deterioration of the economic context, the spouses’ labor behavior is now consistent with the hypothesis of the discouraged worker.

Suggested Citation

  • Cecilia Garavito, 2000. "Cambios en la oferta laboral de la familia limeña," Revista Economía, Fondo Editorial - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, issue 46, pages 45-64.
  • Handle: RePEc:pcp:pucrev:y:2000:i:46:p:45-64

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    1. Johansen, Soren & Juselius, Katarina, 1990. "Maximum Likelihood Estimation and Inference on Cointegration--With Applications to the Demand for Money," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 52(2), pages 169-210, May.
    2. Granger, C. W. J. & Newbold, Paul, 1986. "Forecasting Economic Time Series," Elsevier Monographs, Elsevier, edition 2, number 9780122951831 edited by Shell, Karl.
    3. Adolfo Figueroa, 1991. "Transformación en la Agricultura de América Latina: Capitalismo y Campesinado," Capítulos de Libros PUCP / Chapters of PUCP books,in: La agricultura latinoamericana: crisis, transformaciones y perspectivas, edition 1 Fondo Editorial - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
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