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Liberación, reestructuración productiva y competitividad en la industria peruana de los años 90


  • Félix Jiménez

    () (Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú - Departamento de economía)


This essay shows that the neoliberal adjustment program has reprimarized the Peruvian economy and has truncated the industrialization process. As a result of this adjustment, the manufacturing industry has lost its leadership and its international competitiveness, and the external bottleneck has been exacerbated. The productive structure created by such policies has been unable to generate enough number of jobs, even when the economy was growing during 1993-1995 and 1997. Moreover, the new productive structure does not reflect either to be part of a restructuring process oriented to solve the old fundamental problems of the Peruvian economy. With the reprimarization, the Peruvian economy comes into the XX1 century, with the same problems of the 5Os, but worsened by the negative effects of neoliberal policies on the manufacturing industry, on the level of employment and income and, consequently, on the quality of life of a large number of people.

Suggested Citation

  • Félix Jiménez, 1999. "Liberación, reestructuración productiva y competitividad en la industria peruana de los años 90," Revista Economía, Fondo Editorial - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, issue 44, pages 145-145.
  • Handle: RePEc:pcp:pucrev:y:1999:i:44:p:145

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    1. Johansen, Soren & Juselius, Katarina, 1990. "Maximum Likelihood Estimation and Inference on Cointegration--With Applications to the Demand for Money," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 52(2), pages 169-210, May.
    2. Granger, C. W. J. & Newbold, Paul, 1986. "Forecasting Economic Time Series," Elsevier Monographs, Elsevier, edition 2, number 9780122951831 edited by Shell, Karl.
    3. Adolfo Figueroa, 1991. "Transformación en la Agricultura de América Latina: Capitalismo y Campesinado," Capítulos de Libros PUCP / Chapters of PUCP books,in: La agricultura latinoamericana: crisis, transformaciones y perspectivas, edition 1 Fondo Editorial - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
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