El papel de los “Fundamentals” macroeconómicos en las crisis financieras: El caso argentino
The turmoils occurred in East Asia in the 1990s have reminded the world of how rapidly and with what disruptive forte financia1 crises can erupt, and of how difficult it is to foresee the timing and full ramifications of these dramatic events. In this way, the paper examines the financia1 system distress and crises in Argentina between 1977 and 1998 (post-Financia1 Reform period). The paper uses a vector error correction model developed by Johansen and the empirical results identify several adverse macroeconomic shocks that may explain financia1 crises. We find that financial crises tend to emerge with the following: a fall in real GDP growth, credit expansion, capital outflows, rising M2/intemational reserves ratio, a decline in the real exchange rate and adverse trade shocks. The paper also shows that a weak macroeconomic environment (low GDP growth) is significant in predicting financial crises. The paper concludes that to better manage crises; policymakers should develop a regulatory framework that allows banks to respond more robustly to adverse macroeconomic shocks.
Volume (Year): (1999)
Issue (Month): 43 ()
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