IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

¿Por qué las reformas del Estado fracasan? Un enfoque de costos de transacción


  • José A. Tavera Colugna

    () (Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú - Departamento de economía)


Most recent attempts by developing countries to achieve economic growth at sustainable rates have placed special emphasis on institutional aspects. In particular, the so-called “Fujimori revolution” developed an interesting economic reform program with an important institutional component. The initial results of this program were praised by some scholars as a case study for a successful economic reform program. However, after a booming privatization program, and the set-up of severa1 market-friendly institutions, the question is why the ultimate reform was not carried out: the reform of the state. The fact that most of the proposals for reforming the state have lacked the support of any meaningful methodological approach partly explains why successful reforms of the state are scarce worldwide. The implicit assumption in most of those proposals has been that private and public organizations work in similar fashion, and therefore, adopting similar institutions will render similar results for both sectors. However, the results have been deeply disappointing. As North (1990a, l990b and 1993) contended that institutions, organizations, and their interactions are the primary source of institutional change, our study develop a methodology to fix the existing bridge between the design of reform of the governance structure and the assumptions behind it. As a result, we develop a framework to explain how organizational changes in political organizations, such as the Executive Office, as well as in the political institutions sustaining a particular political market, are required in order to sustain any exogenous economic institutional change. Our study argues that permanent effects may be derived from exogenous institutional change as long as there is credible change in the governance of public organizations.

Suggested Citation

  • José A. Tavera Colugna, 1999. "¿Por qué las reformas del Estado fracasan? Un enfoque de costos de transacción," Revista Economía, Fondo Editorial - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, issue 43, pages 9-96.
  • Handle: RePEc:pcp:pucrev:y:1999:i:43:p:9-96

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pcp:pucrev:y:1999:i:43:p:9-96. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: () or (Rebekah McClure). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.