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Do countries matter for voluntary disclosure? Evidence from cross-listed firms in the US


  • Yaqi Shi

    (Richard Ivey School of Business, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada)

  • Michel Magnan

    (John Molson School of Business, Concordia University, West Montreal, Canada)

  • Jeong-Bon Kim

    (Department of Accountancy, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong)


This paper explores the likelihood and consequences of voluntary disclosure (proxied by management earnings forecasts) for a sample of 1005 cross-listed firms in the US from 40 countries over the period 1996–2005. Our study is grounded in a three-tiered conceptual framework that relies on insights from and implications of institutional theory, agency theory and bonding theory to explain the costs and benefits associated with voluntary disclosure. Consistent with institutional theory and agency theory, our results indicate that disclosure likelihood increases with the strength of cross-listed firms’ home-country legal institutions, and is also influenced by US listing type, product market internationalization, and ownership structure. Further, our results show that voluntarily committing to US disclosure practice is associated with lower information asymmetry, which supports reputational bonding theory. Overall, our study provides a costs-and-benefits framework to understand voluntary disclosure practices in an international context. Our work also presents evidence that home-country institutions still matter when foreign firms migrate into the US financial market, which highlights the importance of country-level institution development.

Suggested Citation

  • Yaqi Shi & Michel Magnan & Jeong-Bon Kim, 2012. "Do countries matter for voluntary disclosure? Evidence from cross-listed firms in the US," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 43(2), pages 143-165, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:jintbs:v:43:y:2012:i:2:p:143-165

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    Cited by:

    1. Cannizzaro, Anthony P. & Weiner, Robert J., 2015. "Multinational investment and voluntary disclosure: Project-level evidence from the petroleum industry," Accounting, Organizations and Society, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 32-47.
    2. Xi Li & Amir N. Licht & Christopher Poliquin & Jordan I. Siegel, 2015. "What Makes the Bonding Stick? A Natural Experiment Involving the U.S. Supreme Court and Cross-Listed Firms," HKUST IEMS Working Paper Series 2015-19, HKUST Institute for Emerging Market Studies, revised Mar 2015.
    3. Conti, Claudio Ramos & Parente, Ronaldo & de Vasconcelos, Flávio C., 2016. "When distance does not matter: Implications for Latin American multinationals," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 69(6), pages 1980-1992.
    4. Hornstein, Abigail S., 2014. "The impact of local governance institutions on foreign market listings: The case of Chinese firms," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 46-67.
    5. Peng, Mike W. & Su, Weichieh, 2014. "Cross-listing and the scope of the firm," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 42-50.
    6. repec:spr:manint:v:54:y:2014:i:1:d:10.1007_s11575-013-0194-z is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Durnev, Art & Li, TieMei & Magnan, Michel, 2016. "Are offshore firms worth more?," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 131-156.
    8. repec:pal:jintbs:v:48:y:2017:i:6:d:10.1057_s41267-016-0054-8 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Hüttenbrink, Alexander & Oehmichen, Jana & Rapp, Marc Steffen & Wolff, Michael, 2014. "Pay-for-performance – Does one size fit all? A multi-country study of Europe and the United States," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 23(6), pages 1179-1192.
    10. repec:pal:jintbs:v:49:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1057_s41267-017-0117-5 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. repec:pal:jintbs:v:49:y:2018:i:3:d:10.1057_s41267-017-0139-z is not listed on IDEAS

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