IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

A multi-society examination of the impact of psychological resources on stressor–strain relationships

Listed author(s):
  • David A Ralston

    (University of Oklahoma, Norman, USA)

  • Chay Hoon Lee

    (Keppel Offshore and Marine, Singapore)

  • Pamela L Perrewé

    (Florida State University, Tallahassee, USA)

  • Cheryl Van Deusen

    (University of North Florida, Jacksonville, USA)

  • Günther R Vollmer

    (Hochschule für öffentliche Verwaltung und Finanzen, Ludwigsburg, Germany)

  • Isabelle Maignan

    (Free University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands)

  • Moureen Tang

    (Lingnan University, Hong Kong, China)

  • Paulina Wan

    (Lingnan University, Hong Kong, China)

  • Ana Maria Rossi

    (Clinica de Stress e Biofeedback, Porto Alegre, Brazil)

Registered author(s):

    This paper sequentially addresses a conceptual and an empirical goal. Our conceptual goal was to develop a globally relevant model of the relationship between work role stressors and strain using conservation of resources (COR) theory as our foundation. Stressors included in the model are role conflict and role ambiguity, with three resources – mastery, optimistic orientation, and self-esteem – as moderators on the stressor–strain relationship. With this conceptual framework developed, we explored our empirical goal, a test of the model using both societal-level and individual-level indicators. First, we pan-culturally tested the model across our seven-society sample. Next, we split these societies into high and low gross national income categories. Likewise, we split the respondents in our sample, regardless of their country, into high and low idiocentrism/individualism and allocentrism/collectivism categories and tested at these group levels. Our findings showed that personal resources – mastery, optimistic orientation, and self-esteem – generally served to buffer the experienced strain due to work role ambiguity and conflict. This study provides specific information that can assist the global business community in understanding how stress pervades their workforces. Overall, our findings offer substantial evidence that a global model of stress is truly viable, providing direction for future research on stress in the global workforce.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    File Function: Link to full text PDF
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    File URL:
    File Function: Link to full text HTML
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

    Article provided by Palgrave Macmillan & Academy of International Business in its journal Journal of International Business Studies.

    Volume (Year): 41 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 4 (May)
    Pages: 652-670

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:pal:jintbs:v:41:y:2010:i:4:p:652-670
    Contact details of provider: Web page:

    Web page:

    Order Information: Web:

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pal:jintbs:v:41:y:2010:i:4:p:652-670. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Sonal Shukla)

    or (Rebekah McClure)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.