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Liabilities of regional foreignness and the use of firm-level versus country-level data: a response to Dunning et al. (2007)

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  • Alan M Rugman

    (Kelley School of Business, Indiana University, Bloomington, USA)

  • Alain Verbeke

    (Haskayne School of Business, University of Calgary, Canada)

Abstract

We are pleased that Dunning et al. have provided macro (country) level data demonstrating the increased internationalization of many nations over the past decade. We also appreciate their findings lending support to our perspective on the regional nature of world business. Our work was based solely on micro (firm) level data. Both country-level data and firm-level data have methodological problems, which we attempt to reconcile in this commentary. We also address the broader conceptual issues of how to interpret country-level vs firm-level data. Journal of International Business Studies (2007) 38, 200–205. doi:10.1057/palgrave.jibs.8400242

Suggested Citation

  • Alan M Rugman & Alain Verbeke, 2007. "Liabilities of regional foreignness and the use of firm-level versus country-level data: a response to Dunning et al. (2007)," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 38(1), pages 200-205, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:jintbs:v:38:y:2007:i:1:p:200-205
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