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A framework for comparing entrepreneurship processes across nations


  • Ted Baker

    (University of Connecticut School of Business, Storrs, CT, USA)

  • Eric Gedajlovic

    (University of Connecticut School of Business, Storrs, CT, USA)

  • Michael Lubatkin

    (University of Connecticut School of Business and EM Lyon, Storrs, CT, USA)


Shane and Venkataraman's Discovery, Evaluation and Exploitation entrepreneurship framework ignores issues central to comparative international entrepreneurship (IE) because of unnecessarily under-socialized assumptions regarding entrepreneurial opportunities and the individuals who discover them. To better promote comparative IE research, we develop a Comparative Discovery, Evaluation and Exploitation framework (CDEE), which takes as a starting point that individuals motivated by diverse goals enact market opportunities in a variety of social settings. Building on this characterization, the paper explores how and why processes of opportunity discovery, evaluation and exploitation vary across and within nations, as well as the implications of these differences. Journal of International Business Studies (2005), 36, 492–504. doi:10.1057/palgrave.jibs.8400153

Suggested Citation

  • Ted Baker & Eric Gedajlovic & Michael Lubatkin, 2005. "A framework for comparing entrepreneurship processes across nations," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 36(5), pages 492-504, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:jintbs:v:36:y:2005:i:5:p:492-504

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