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Entre Crise et Rebond: Questions Autour de la Durabilité des Systèmes de Production Cotonniers au Mali

Author

Listed:
  • Isabelle Droy

    (UMI Résiliences (IRD – CIRES Abidjan), Centre IRD Ile de France, Bondy cedex, France.)

  • Jean-François Bélières

    (UMR ART-Dev (Acteurs, ressources et territoires dans le développement, CIRAD, Université de Montpellier 3, CNRS), Montpellier Cedex, France.)

  • Jean Etienne Bidou

    (UMR ADES (CNRS-Université de Bordeaux 3), Pessac cedex, France.)

Abstract

A production system based on cotton and cereals has been developed in Mali within a framework of an integrated upstream and downstream supply chain, securing the socio-economic environment. For three decades, the deep transformation of rural structures in the Malian cotton belt has been considered as a success in terms of development. However, when examined in the light of sustainable development, this model showed economic, social and ecological flaws, which have been exacerbated in recent years by the fall in global cotton prices. Nevertheless, current supply chain reforms are far from being flawless, and do not seem to provide alternatives in terms of sustainability.Le système de production articulé autour du coton et des céréales a été développé au Mali dans le cadre d’une filière intégrée, à l’amont et à l’aval, permettant de sécuriser l’environnement socio-économique. La profonde transformation du système agraire et des agricultures familiales a été considérée, sur trois décennies, comme une réussite en termes de développement. Examiné sous l’angle de la durabilité, ce modèle présentait cependant des faiblesses économiques, sociales et environnementales qui se sont exacerbées avec la baisse, depuis plusieurs années des prix de vente du coton-fibre sur le marché mondial. Maisles réformes actuelles de la filière et les alternatives ne sont pas elles-mêmes exemptes de contradictions entre les différentes dimensions de la durabilité.

Suggested Citation

  • Isabelle Droy & Jean-François Bélières & Jean Etienne Bidou, 2012. "Entre Crise et Rebond: Questions Autour de la Durabilité des Systèmes de Production Cotonniers au Mali," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan;European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI), vol. 24(3), pages 491-508, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:eurjdr:v:24:y:2012:i:3:p:491-508
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