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The Mexican Exception: Patents and Innovation Policy in a Non-conformist and Reluctant Middle Income Country

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  • Kenneth C Shadlen

    () (Department of International Development, LSE, London.)

Abstract

Cet article analyse les politiques de brevets et d′innovation au Mexique. Contrairement à de nombreux pays en développement, le Mexique a accueilli avec enthousiasme les pressions extérieures visant à renforcer la protection par brevets. Pourtant, au Mexique, contrairement à d′autres pays, la transformation du système de brevets n′a pas été accompagnée de mesures pour renforcer ses capacités scientifiques, technologiques et innovantes. Pour rendre compte de cette trajectoire atypique, j′examine l’évolution des coalitions politiques dans les domaines des brevets et des politiques STI. L′adoption précoce d′un solide dispositif de brevets, associée à une libéralisation et internationalisation de l′économie, a renforcé une coalition s′appuyant sur une intégration dans l′économie mondiale au moyen d′innovations de basse technologie, alors que les mêmes processus ont affaibli la coalition qui aurait pu soutenir un projet différent. Comprendre les fondations politiques du comportement mexicain aide à expliquer les conditions sous lesquelles les pays en développement à revenu moyen peuvent s′engager dans le leadership thématique et s′associer à d′autres pays en développement pour façonner l′architecture économique internationale.

Suggested Citation

  • Kenneth C Shadlen, 2012. "The Mexican Exception: Patents and Innovation Policy in a Non-conformist and Reluctant Middle Income Country," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan;European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI), vol. 24(2), pages 300-318, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:eurjdr:v:24:y:2012:i:2:p:300-318
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