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‘We Are Poor People So What is the Use of Education?’ Tensions and Contradictions in Girls’ and Boys’ Transitions from School to Work in Rural Bangladesh

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  • Karin Heissler

Abstract

S’appuyant sur une étude ethnographique menée entre 2006 et 2008 dans quatre villages de l’upazila (ou sous district) de Madhupur, une région rurale du Bengladesh, cet article s’intéresse à la transition des filles et garçons de l’école vers le travail. Nos observations se situent dans le contexte d’évolutions sociales et économiques en cours dans les régions rurales et urbaines du Bangladesh. Elles montrent que le processus de modernisation du système d’éducation a une portée globale; pourtant le contexte socio-économique local conditionne son impact. Un grand nombre de filles et garçons de l’échantillon utilisé ont des interactions variées avec le système éducatif; en effet, la plupart des enfants intègrent l’école tardivement et peu, voire aucun, d’entre eux ne poursuivent leur éducation au delà de l’école primaire. Pourtant, leur expérience d’écoliers influence leurs aspirations et transitions, et plus globalement impacte l’institution de l’enfance. Ces évolutions entraînent des tensions intergénérationnelles et des contradictions entre ce qui est attendu de ce processus de transition, et ce qui s’y passe réellement, le processus en question étant fortement influencé par le sexe, l’âge et la classe sociale des enfants concernés. Nous montrons que ceci a des implications en termes de politiques.

Suggested Citation

  • Karin Heissler, 2011. "‘We Are Poor People So What is the Use of Education?’ Tensions and Contradictions in Girls’ and Boys’ Transitions from School to Work in Rural Bangladesh," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan;European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI), vol. 23(5), pages 729-744, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:eurjdr:v:23:y:2011:i:5:p:729-744
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