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Identifying the Effect of a Welfare-To-Work Program Using Program Capacity Constraints: A New York City Quasi-Experiment

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  • John Ifcher

    () (Department of Economics, Santa Clara University, 500 El Camino Real, Lucas 216B, Santa Clara, 95053, USA.)

Abstract

In 1999, General Assistance recipients in New York City were required to participate in a job-training and outplacement assistance program. Initially, recipients were enrolled in “waves” due to capacity constraints. The program's impact is identified using a quasi-experiment in which selectees are compared to concomitantly eligible non-selectees. Selectees are 15 percentage points more likely to start a job and 10 percentage points more likely to exit welfare than are non-selectees. This methodology is important, as random-assignment experiments can be costly and difficult to implement. Further, experiments are not impervious to criticism; this procedure addresses three of five known shortcomings.

Suggested Citation

  • John Ifcher, 2010. "Identifying the Effect of a Welfare-To-Work Program Using Program Capacity Constraints: A New York City Quasi-Experiment," Eastern Economic Journal, Palgrave Macmillan;Eastern Economic Association, vol. 36(3), pages 299-316.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:easeco:v:36:y:2010:i:3:p:299-316
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