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Identifying the Effect of a Welfare-To-Work Program Using Program Capacity Constraints: A New York City Quasi-Experiment

  • John Ifcher


    (Department of Economics, Santa Clara University, 500 El Camino Real, Lucas 216B, Santa Clara, 95053, USA.)

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    In 1999, General Assistance recipients in New York City were required to participate in a job-training and outplacement assistance program. Initially, recipients were enrolled in “waves” due to capacity constraints. The program's impact is identified using a quasi-experiment in which selectees are compared to concomitantly eligible non-selectees. Selectees are 15 percentage points more likely to start a job and 10 percentage points more likely to exit welfare than are non-selectees. This methodology is important, as random-assignment experiments can be costly and difficult to implement. Further, experiments are not impervious to criticism; this procedure addresses three of five known shortcomings.

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    Article provided by Palgrave Macmillan in its journal Eastern Economic Journal.

    Volume (Year): 36 (2010 Summer)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 299-316

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    Handle: RePEc:pal:easeco:v:36:y:2010:i:3:p:299-316
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