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Social Models in the Enlarged European Union: Policy Dimensions and Country Classification


  • Michael Knogler

    (Institute for East and Southeast European Studies Regensburg, Landshuterstr 4, 93047, Regensburg, Germany.)

  • Fidelis Lankes

    (University of Applied Sciences – Munich, Am Stadtpark 20, 81243 München, Germany.)


This paper aims to contribute to the literature on social models by exploring characteristics of social policies and their classification in the enlarged European Union. The analysis is based on a set of social policy indicators with a focus on labour markets. By means of Principal Components Analysis we identify four major dimensions of social policies to reflect the main tasks including a productivity-enhancing role. The dimensions are used as a basis for clustering countries into five different groups, that is, social models, which significantly differ from the commonly proposed regional classification of social models across Europe prior to enlargement.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael Knogler & Fidelis Lankes, 2012. "Social Models in the Enlarged European Union: Policy Dimensions and Country Classification," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 54(1), pages 149-172, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:compes:v:54:y:2012:i:1:p:149-172

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    Cited by:

    1. Anetta Barska & Janina Jędrzejczak-Gas & Joanna Wyrwa & Krzysztof Kononowicz, 2020. "Multidimensional Assessment of the Social Development of EU Countries in the Context of Implementing the Concept of Sustainable Development," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(18), pages 1-24, September.
    2. Michael Knogler & Fidelis Lankes, 2015. "Institutional determinants of labour market outcomes in the EU – A Social Model Employment Efficiency and Income Distribution Index," Working Papers 349, Leibniz Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (Institute for East and Southeast European Studies).

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