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El Programa Nacional de Reformas de España: descripción y oportunidad para los métodos cuantitativos en el contexto de incertidumbre actual = Spain National Reform Programme: Description and Opportunity for Quantitative Methods in the Current Uncertainty Context

Author

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  • Ordaz Sanz, José Antonio

    () (Departamento de Economía, Métodos Cuantitativos e Historia Económica. Universidad Pablo de Olavide, de Sevilla (España))

  • Melgar Hiraldo, María del Carmen

    () (Departamento de Economía, Métodos Cuantitativos e Historia Económica. Universidad Pablo de Olavide, de Sevilla (España))

Abstract

El presente trabajo se ocupa de describir los principales rasgos que definen el Programa Nacional de Reformas (PNR), de octubre de 2005, que el Gobierno español elabora como respuesta a la relanzada Estrategia de Lisboa, surgida en el Consejo Europeo de Primavera de ese mismo año. El PNR se convierte así, desde entonces, en el marco de referencia fundamental de la política económica y social de España. El seguimiento de su desarrollo y cumplimiento de objetivos han puesto de relieve los importantes logros alcanzados en estos años en la búsqueda de la competitividad y mejora en el empleo de nuestro mercado, así como en la convergencia a nivel de renta con la media de la Unión Europea. Sin embargo, la grave crisis internacional actual probablemente obligue a un replanteamiento de algunos de los objetivos planteados hasta ahora. En un escenario así, las herramientas del análisis cuantitativo pueden tener un papel muy relevante en la toma de decisiones en este ámbito de la política económica. En este sentido, los modelos de simulación dinámica de sistemas constituyen un ejemplo real que ya utilizan los gestores económicos públicos. This paper addresses the key features which define the National Reform Programme (NRP) that the Spanish Government prepared in October 2005 in response to the renewed Lisbon Strategy emerged in the spring 2005 European Council. The NRP thus becomes the basic framework of economic and social policy in Spain. The monitoring of its development and fulfilment of objectives have highlighted in recent years the important achievements in the search for improved competitiveness and employment in the Spanish market, and in the level of its income convergence with the European Union average. Nevertheless, the current international crisis likely will lead to a rethinking of the goals set so far. In this context, quantitative methods can play an important role in economic policy decision-making processes. In this sense, system dynamics modelling is an example that is being actually used by public economy managers.

Suggested Citation

  • Ordaz Sanz, José Antonio & Melgar Hiraldo, María del Carmen, 2009. "El Programa Nacional de Reformas de España: descripción y oportunidad para los métodos cuantitativos en el contexto de incertidumbre actual = Spain National Reform Programme: Description and Opportuni," Revista de Métodos Cuantitativos para la Economía y la Empresa = Journal of Quantitative Methods for Economics and Business Administration, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Quantitative Methods for Economics and Business Administration, vol. 8(1), pages 87-109, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:pab:rmcpee:v:8:y:2009:i:1:p:87-109
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    Keywords

    Estrategia de Lisboa; políticas europeas; programas económicos; métodos cuantitativos; Lisbon Strategy; European policies; economic programmes; quantitative methods;

    JEL classification:

    • E60 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - General
    • F55 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Institutional Arrangements
    • C10 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - General

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