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Un análisis transversal y longitudinal en el estado de pobreza en Alemania = A cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis of poverty in Germany

Author

Listed:
  • González Rodríguez, María Rosario

    () (Departamento de Economía Aplicada I. Universidad de Sevilla)

  • Martín Martín, Domingo

    () (Departamento de Economía Aplicada I. Universidad de Sevilla)

  • González Abril, Luis

    () (Departamento de Economía Aplicada I. Universidad de Sevilla)

  • Velasco Morente, Francisco

    () (Departamento de Economía Aplicada I. Universidad de Sevilla)

Abstract

El objetivo del trabajo se centra en un análisis transversal y longitudinal de la pobreza en Alemania en el período de 1985 a 1996, utilizando la base de datos Panel Comparability Project. El análisis transversal nos permite conocer cómo el proceso de reunificación alemana influye en el nivel de pobreza y en la intensidad de la misma. Por su parte, el análisis longitudinal nos permite seguir a los individuos en el tiempo, posibilitando la observación de los períodos en el estado de pobreza, la transición al estado de no pobreza, así como la longitud de su permanencia por debajo del umbral de pobreza. Dado que los datos contienen información de características individuales y del hogar, un análisis basado en las estimaciones de la función riesgo y de supervivencia hace posible la identificación de aquellas características socioeconómicas más destacables de la población que son propias de la pobreza permanente y transitoria. = The objective of this research focuses on both a cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses of poverty in Germany from 1986 to 1996, using the Panel Comparability Project data set. On the one hand, the cross-sectional analysis allows us to know how the Reunification Process influences on the level and the intensity of poverty. On the other hand, the longitudinal analysis allows us to follow up the individuals in time, and therefore to observe the permanence in poverty, and the transition out of poverty. Since the data set contains information about household and individual characteristics, an analysis based on the estimations of the risk and survival function makes possible the identification of those socioeconomic characteristics of the population which are more proper of the permanent and transitory poverty.

Suggested Citation

  • González Rodríguez, María Rosario & Martín Martín, Domingo & González Abril, Luis & Velasco Morente, Francisco, 2007. "Un análisis transversal y longitudinal en el estado de pobreza en Alemania = A cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis of poverty in Germany," Revista de Métodos Cuantitativos para la Economía y la Empresa = Journal of Quantitative Methods for Economics and Business Administration, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Quantitative Methods for Economics and Business Administration, vol. 4(1), pages 7-34, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:pab:rmcpee:v:4:y:2007:i:1:p:7-34
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    Keywords

    pobreza; intensidad; duración; pobreza permanente; pobreza transitoria; estimador Kaplan-Meier; función riesgo; poverty; intensity; duration; permanent poverty; transitory poverty; Kaplan-Meier estimator;

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • C41 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Duration Analysis; Optimal Timing Strategies
    • C43 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Index Numbers and Aggregation
    • I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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