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Assets and Liabilities Management – Concept and Optimal Organization

Author

Listed:
  • Ciobotea Adina

    () (Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest)

  • Oaca Sorina Cristina

    () (Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest)

Abstract

Asset-liability management (ALM) is a term whose meaning has evolved. It is used in slightly different ways in different contexts. ALM was pioneered by financial institutions, but corporations now also apply ALM techniques. In banking, asset and liability management is the practice of managing risks that arise due to mismatches between the assets and liabilities (debts and assets) of the bank. This can also be seen in insurance. Banks face several risks such as the liquidity risk, interest rate risk, credit risk and operational risk. Asset Liability management (ALM) is a strategic management tool to manage interest rate risk and liquidity risk faced by banks, other financial services companies and corporations. ALM is defined as "the process of decision making to control risks of existence, stability and growth of a system through the dynamic balances of its assets and liabilities."

Suggested Citation

  • Ciobotea Adina & Oaca Sorina Cristina, 2011. "Assets and Liabilities Management – Concept and Optimal Organization," Ovidius University Annals, Economic Sciences Series, Ovidius University of Constantza, Faculty of Economic Sciences, vol. 0(1), pages 354-358, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:ovi:oviste:v:11:y:2011:i:1:p:354-358
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    assets and liabilities management; banks; insurance companies;

    JEL classification:

    • D53 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Financial Markets
    • G1 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G22 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Insurance; Insurance Companies; Actuarial Studies
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors
    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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