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Conceiving ethical gamete and embryo research in a post-Dickey--Wicker USA


  • Lisa Campo-Engelstein
  • Candace Tingen
  • Sarah Rodriguez
  • Teresa K. Woodruff


In a recent essay in Science, we advocated lifting restrictions on federal funding for research involving parthenogenesis, restrictions that have been placed by a rider, the Dickey--Wicker Amendment (DWA), to every budget for the US Department of Labor, Health, and Human Services, and Education since 1996. We concluded that contribution by calling for the reconsideration of the entire amendment and suggesting that it be removed from the budget. In this contribution, we outline how research using human parthenotes, embryos, stem cells, eggs, or sperm could be ethically funded if the DWA were to be rescinded in the USA. Copyright The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email:, Oxford University Press.

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  • Lisa Campo-Engelstein & Candace Tingen & Sarah Rodriguez & Teresa K. Woodruff, 2012. "Conceiving ethical gamete and embryo research in a post-Dickey--Wicker USA," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 39(1), pages 129-132, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:scippl:v:39:y:2012:i:1:p:129-132

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Sirilli, Giorgio & Evangelista, Rinaldo, 1998. "Technological innovation in services and manufacturing: results from Italian surveys," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(9), pages 881-899, December.
    3. Faridah Djellal & Faïz Gallouj, 2006. "Innovation, services, emplois," Post-Print halshs-00199647, HAL.
    4. Faridah Djellal & Faïz Gallouj, 1999. "Services and the search for relevant innovation indicators: a review of national and international surveys," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 26(4), pages 218-232, August.
    5. F D Gault, 1998. "Research and development in a service economy," Research Evaluation, Oxford University Press, vol. 7(2), pages 79-91, August.
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