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How French academics create hi-tech companies: The conditions for success or failure

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  • Philippe Mustar

Abstract

Surveys in 1988, 1992 and 1994 of enterprises created by scientists show that: these spin-off enterprises from research laboratories are robust, although they do not necessarily lead to job creation; a precondition for the development of these firms is that they establish networks of different players; firms that increased their co-operation arrangements with various laboratories were the most successful; it is important to integrate clients from the innovation design phase; and there is a crucial role for public funding during a firm's start-up and initial development stage. Copyright , Beech Tree Publishing.

Suggested Citation

  • Philippe Mustar, 1997. "How French academics create hi-tech companies: The conditions for success or failure," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 24(1), pages 37-43, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:scippl:v:24:y:1997:i:1:p:37-43
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/spp/24.1.37
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    Cited by:

    1. Dorner, Matthias & Fryges, Helmut & Schopen, Kathrin, 2015. "Wages in high-tech start-ups - do academic spin-offs pay a wage premium?," IAB Discussion Paper 201517, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    2. Dorner, Matthias & Fryges, Helmut & Schopen, Kathrin, 2017. "Wages in high-tech start-ups – Do academic spin-offs pay a wage premium?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(1), pages 1-18.
    3. Gittelman, Michelle, 2006. "National institutions, public-private knowledge flows, and innovation performance: A comparative study of the biotechnology industry in the US and France," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(7), pages 1052-1068, September.
    4. Giuseppe Criaco & Tommaso Minola & Pablo Migliorini & Christian Serarols-Tarrés, 2014. "“To have and have not”: founders’ human capital and university start-up survival," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 39(4), pages 567-593, August.
    5. Ulijn, J.M. & Fayolle, A., 2002. "Towards cooperation between European start ups: The position of the French, Dutch, and German entrepreneurial and innovative engineer," Working Papers 02.16, Eindhoven Center for Innovation Studies.
    6. Konrad, Kornelia & Truffer, Bernhard, 2006. "The coupling of spin-offs and research institutions in the triangle of policy, science and industrie: An international comparison," Discussion Papers, Research Group Science Policy Studies P 2006-103, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    7. Scott Shane & Sharon Dolmans & Joseph Jankowski & Isabelle Reymen & A. Romme, 2015. "Academic entrepreneurship: Which inventors do technology licensing officers prefer for spinoffs?," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 40(2), pages 273-292, April.
    8. repec:kap:jtecht:v:42:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s10961-016-9499-y is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Ulijn, J.M. & Fayolle, A. & Groen, A., 2003. "European educational diversity in technology entrepreneurship: A dialogue about a culture or a knowledge management class?," Working Papers 03.12, Eindhoven Center for Innovation Studies.
    10. repec:spr:rvmgts:v:12:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s11846-016-0217-9 is not listed on IDEAS

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