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Editor's Choice Loan Originations and Defaults in the Mortgage Crisis: The Role of the Middle Class

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  • Manuel Adelino
  • Antoinette Schoar
  • Felipe Severino

Abstract

This paper highlights the importance of middle-class and high-FICO borrowers for the mortgage crisis. Contrary to popular belief, which focuses on subprime and poor borrowers, we show that mortgage originations increased for borrowers across all income levels and FICO scores. The relation between mortgage growth and income growth at the individual level remained positive throughout the pre-2007 period. Finally, middle-income, high-income, and prime borrowers all sharply increased their share of delinquencies in the crisis. These results are consistent with a demand-side view, where homebuyers and lenders bought into increasing house values and borrowers defaulted after prices dropped. Received July 30, 2015; accepted January 27, 2016 by Editor Philip Strahan.

Suggested Citation

  • Manuel Adelino & Antoinette Schoar & Felipe Severino, 2016. "Editor's Choice Loan Originations and Defaults in the Mortgage Crisis: The Role of the Middle Class," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 29(7), pages 1635-1670.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:rfinst:v:29:y:2016:i:7:p:1635-1670.
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/rfs/hhw018
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