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Asset Pricing in the Dark: The Cross-Section of OTC Stocks

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  • Andrew Ang
  • Assaf A. Shtauber
  • Paul C. Tetlock

Abstract

Over-the-counter (OTC) stocks are far less liquid, disclose less information, and exhibit lower institutional holdings than do listed stocks. We exploit these different market conditions to test theories of cross-sectional return premiums. Compared with premiums in listed markets, the OTC illiquidity premium is several times higher, the size, value, and volatility premiums are similar, and the momentum premium is three times lower. The OTC illiquidity, size, value, and volatility premiums are largest among stocks held predominantly by retail investors and those not disclosing financial information. Theories of differences in investors' opinions and limits on short sales help explain these return premiums. The Authors 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Society for Financial Studies. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com., Oxford University Press.

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  • Andrew Ang & Assaf A. Shtauber & Paul C. Tetlock, 2013. "Asset Pricing in the Dark: The Cross-Section of OTC Stocks," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 26(12), pages 2985-3028.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:rfinst:v:26:y:2013:i:12:p:2985-3028
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    Cited by:

    1. Apergis, Nicholas & Voliotis, Dimitrios, 2015. "Spillover effects between lit and dark stock markets: Evidence from a panel of London Stock Exchange transactions," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 101-106.
    2. repec:spr:eurase:v:7:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s40822-016-0057-6 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Attanasi, Giuseppe & Centorrino, Samuele & Moscati, Ivan, 2016. "Over-the-counter markets vs. double auctions: A comparative experimental study," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 22-35.
    4. Chague, Fernando & De-Losso, Rodrigo & De Genaro, Alan & Giovannetti, Bruno, 2017. "Well-connected short-sellers pay lower loan fees: A market-wide analysis," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 123(3), pages 646-670.
    5. Shengxing Zhang & Ricardo Lagos, 2016. "Turnover Liquidity and the Transmission of Monetary Policy," 2016 Meeting Papers 1569, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    6. repec:eee:jfinec:v:124:y:2017:i:2:p:266-284 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Gomber, Peter & Sagade, Satchit & Theissen, Erik & Weber, Moritz Christian & Westheide, Christian, 2016. "Spoilt for choice: Order routing decisions in fragmented equity markets," CFR Working Papers 16-04, University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).
    8. Ben Ammar, Semir & Eling, Martin & Milidonis, Andreas, 2015. "Asset Pricing of Financial Insitutions: The Cross-Section of Expected Stock Returns in the Property/Liability Insurance Industry," Working Papers on Finance 1516, University of St. Gallen, School of Finance.
    9. Marco Di Maggio & Amir Kermani & Zhaogang Song, 2016. "The Value of Trading Relationships in Turbulent Times," NBER Working Papers 22332, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Juhani T. Linnainmaa & Michael R. Roberts, 2016. "The History of the Cross Section of Stock Returns," NBER Working Papers 22894, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. Ricardo Lagos & Shengxing Zhang, 2015. "Monetary Exchange in Over-the-Counter Markets: A Theory of Speculative Bubbles, the Fed Model, and Self-fulfilling Liquidity Crises," NBER Working Papers 21528, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    12. Yeh, Chung-Ying & Yeh, Shih-Kuo & Chen, Ren-Raw, 2014. "Liquidity discount in the opaque market: The evidence from Taiwan's Emerging Stock Market," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 297-309.
    13. Fernando Chague & Rodrigo De-Losso, Alan De Genaro, Bruno Giovannetti, 2015. "Why Do Different Short-sellers Pay Different Loan Fees? A Market-wide Analysis," Working Papers, Department of Economics 2015_17, University of São Paulo (FEA-USP).
    14. Schmidt, Peter S. & Schrimpf, Andreas & von Arx, Urs & Wagner, Alexander F & Ziegler, Andreas, 2015. "Size and Momentum Profitability in International Stock Markets," CEPR Discussion Papers 10804, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    15. Aboulamer, Anas & Kryzanowski, Lawrence, 2016. "Are idiosyncratic volatility and MAX priced in the Canadian market?," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 20-36.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G10 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General

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