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Corporate Liquidity and Capital Structure

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  • Ronald W. Anderson
  • Andrew Carverhill

Abstract

We solve for a firm's optimal cash holding policy within a continuous time, contingent claims framework using dividends, short-term borrowing, and equity issues as controls assuming mean reversion of earnings. Optimal cash is non-monotone in business conditions and increasing in the level of long-term debt. The model matches closely a wide range of empirical benchmarks and predicts cash and leverage dynamics in line with the empirical literature. Firm value is quite insensitive to changes in the level of long-term debt. The model has interesting implications for asset substitution, hedging, and pecking order. Growth opportunities do not greatly affect cash holding policy. The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Society for Financial Studies. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com., Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Ronald W. Anderson & Andrew Carverhill, 2012. "Corporate Liquidity and Capital Structure," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 25(3), pages 797-837.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:rfinst:v:25:y:2012:i:3:p:797-837
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    Cited by:

    1. Koussis, Nicos & Martzoukos, Spiros H. & Trigeorgis, Lenos, 2017. "Corporate liquidity and dividend policy under uncertainty," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 221-235.
    2. A. Max Reppen & Jean‐Charles Rochet & H. Mete Soner, 2020. "Optimal dividend policies with random profitability," Mathematical Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(1), pages 228-259, January.
    3. Anderson, Ronald W. & Hamadi, Malika, 2016. "Cash holding and control-oriented finance," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 68339, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    4. Nikolov, Boris & Schmid, Lukas & Steri, Roberto, 2019. "Dynamic corporate liquidity," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 132(1), pages 76-102.
    5. Moritzen, Mark Raun & Schandlbauer, Alexander, 2020. "The impact of competition and time-to-finance on corporate cash holdings," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 65(C).
    6. Bolton, Patrick & Wang, Neng & Yang, Jinqiang, 2019. "Investment under uncertainty with financial constraints," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 184(C).
    7. Balli, Faruk & De Bruin, Anne & Balli, Hatice Ozer & Karimov, Jamshid, 2020. "Corporate net income and payout smoothing under Shari'ah compliance," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 60(C).
    8. Elnahas, Ahmed M. & Hassan, M. Kabir & Ismail, Ghada M., 2017. "Religion and ratio analysis: Towards an Islamic corporate liquidity measure," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 42-65.
    9. Marti G. Subrahmanyam & Dragon Yongjun Tang & Sarah Qian Wang, 2016. "Credit Default Swaps, Exacting Creditors and Corporate Liquidity Management," Working Papers 202016, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.
    10. Subrahmanyam, Marti G. & Tang, Dragon Yongjun & Wang, Sarah Qian, 2017. "Credit default swaps, exacting creditors and corporate liquidity management," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 124(2), pages 395-414.
    11. Arnold, Marc, 2014. "Managerial cash use, default, and corporate financial policies," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 305-325.
    12. Anderson, Ronald W. & Hamadi, Malika, 2016. "Cash holding and control-oriented finance," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 410-425.
    13. Bakke, Tor-Erik & Gu, Tiantian, 2017. "Diversification and cash dynamics," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 123(3), pages 580-601.
    14. Gu, Tiantian, 2017. "U.S. multinationals and cash holdings," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 125(2), pages 344-368.
    15. Chen-Yin Kuo, 2018. "Does Accounting Conservatism Reduce Default Risk? Evidence from Taiwan," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 8(4), pages 227-242.
    16. Strebulaev, Ilya A. & Whited, Toni M., 2012. "Dynamic Models and Structural Estimation in Corporate Finance," Foundations and Trends(R) in Finance, now publishers, vol. 6(1–2), pages 1-163, November.
    17. Juliane Begenau & Berardino Palazzo, 2017. "Firm Selection and Corporate Cash Holdings," NBER Working Papers 23249, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    18. Koussis, Nicos & Martzoukos, Spiros H. & Trigeorgis, Lenos, 2017. "Corporate liquidity and dividend policy under uncertainty," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 200-214.
    19. Benson, Karen & Faff, Robert & Smith, Tom, 2015. "Injecting liquidity into liquidity research," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 35(PB), pages 533-540.
    20. Ingrid-Mihaela Dragota & Aura-Cristina Stefan-Dobrin, 2016. "An Empirical Investigation of the Firm- and Country- Specific Debt Determinants in Four Nordic Countries," The Review of Finance and Banking, Academia de Studii Economice din Bucuresti, Romania / Facultatea de Finante, Asigurari, Banci si Burse de Valori / Catedra de Finante, vol. 8(2), pages 061-075, December.
    21. García Cabello, Julia, 2017. "The future of branch cash holdings management is here: New Markov chains," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 259(2), pages 789-799.
    22. Francis A. Longstaff & Ilya A. Strebulaev, 2014. "Corporate Taxes and Capital Structure: A Long-Term Historical Perspective," NBER Working Papers 20372, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    23. Sarkar, Sudipto & Zhang, Chuanqian, 2020. "Investment and financing decisions with learning-curve technology," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 121(C).
    24. Begenau, Juliane & Palazzo, Berardino, 2021. "Firm selection and corporate cash holdings," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 139(3), pages 697-718.

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