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Originator Performance, CMBS Structures, and the Risk of Commercial Mortgages

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  • Sheridan Titman
  • Sergey Tsyplakov

Abstract

This article examines information and incentive problems that can exist in the market for commercial mortgages that are pooled and repackaged as commercial mortgage-backed securities (CMBSs). We find that mortgages that are originated by institutions with large negative stock returns in the quarters prior to the origination date tend to have higher credit spreads and default more than other mortgages with similar observable characteristics. Properties financed with these mortgages also exhibit weaker post-securitization operating performance. In addition, stock price loser institutions are anxious to securitize mortgages they originate more quickly. Finally we find that credit rating agencies require higher levels of subordination for CMBS pools (i.e., view these pools as riskier) that include more mortgages originated by underperforming originators. This evidence is consistent with reputation models in which poorly performing originators have less incentive to carefully evaluate the credit quality of prospective borrowers, thereby letting relatively riskier mortgages pass through their weaker screening standards. The Author 2010. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Society for Financial Studies. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oxfordjournals.org., Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Sheridan Titman & Sergey Tsyplakov, 2010. "Originator Performance, CMBS Structures, and the Risk of Commercial Mortgages," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 23(9), pages 3558-3594.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:rfinst:v:23:y:2010:i:9:p:3558-3594
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/rfs/hhq055
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    Cited by:

    1. Ozerturk, Saltuk, 2014. "Ratings as regulatory stamps," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 105(C), pages 17-29.
    2. Lamont Black & Chenghuan Chu & Andrew Cohen & Joseph Nichols, 2012. "Differences Across Originators in CMBS Loan Underwriting," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 42(1), pages 115-134, October.
    3. Christopoulos, Andreas D., 2017. "The composition of CMBS risk," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 215-239.
    4. Black, Lamont K. & Krainer, John & Nichols, Joseph B., 2017. "Safe Collateral, Arm’s-Length Credit: Evidence from the Commercial Real Estate Market," Working Paper Series 2017-19, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
    5. Gürtler, Marc & Hibbeln, Martin, 2012. "How smart are investors after the subprime mortgage crisis? Evidence from the securitization market," Working Papers IF39V1, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Institute of Finance.
    6. Brent Ambrose & Michael Shafer & Yildiray Yildirim, 2018. "The Impact of Tenant Diversification on Spreads and Default Rates for Mortgages on Retail Properties," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 56(1), pages 1-32, January.
    7. Hsu, Sara, 2012. "The US financial system, the great recession, and the “speculative spread”," MPRA Paper 38478, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. repec:kap:jrefec:v:55:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s11146-016-9548-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Chen, Zhizhen & Liu, Frank Hong & Opong, Kwaku & Zhou, Mingming, 2017. "Short-term safety or long-term failure? Empirical evidence of the impact of securitization on bank risk," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 48-74.

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