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Production in Entrepreneurial Firms: The Effects of Financial Constraints on Labor and Capital

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  • Mark J. Garmaise

Abstract

I model the contrasting capital-labor decisions of financially constrained and unconstrained firms. I show that financially restricted firms use relatively more labor than physical capital because informed employees provide more efficient financing than uninformed capital suppliers. I demonstrate that constrained firms cannot easily attract new employees to replace existing staff. Their greater employee retention aligns owner-worker incentives and encourages workers to make firm-specific investments. Constrained firms, however, gradually suffer from their inability to replace low-quality workers, such that their relative labor productivity decreases over time. Empirical tests utilizing instrumental variables confirm several implications of the theory. The Author 2007. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Society for Financial Studies. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oxfordjournals.org, Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Mark J. Garmaise, 2008. "Production in Entrepreneurial Firms: The Effects of Financial Constraints on Labor and Capital," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 21(2), pages 543-577, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:rfinst:v:21:y:2008:i:2:p:543-577
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/rfs/hhm081
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Giannetti, Mariassunta & Ongena, Steven, 2012. "“Lending by example”: Direct and indirect effects of foreign banks in emerging markets," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 86(1), pages 167-180.
    2. Ilona Babenko & Rik Sen, 2016. "Do Nonexecutive Employees Have Valuable Information? Evidence from Employee Stock Purchase Plans," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 62(7), pages 1878-1898, July.
    3. Spaliara, Marina-Eliza, 2009. "Do financial factors affect the capital-labour ratio? Evidence from UK firm-level data," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(10), pages 1932-1947, October.
    4. Nuri Ersahin, 2017. "Creditor Rights, Technology Adoption, and Productivity: Plant-Level Evidence," Working Papers 17-36, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    5. Nuri Ersahin, 2018. "Creditor Rights, Technology Adoption, and Productivity: Plant-Level Evidence," Working Papers 18-20, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    6. Natasha Agarwal & Chris Milner & Alejandro Riaño, "undated". "Credit Constraints and FDI Spillovers in China," Discussion Papers 11/21, University of Nottingham, GEP.
    7. UEDA Kenichi & Stijn CLAESSENS, 2016. "Monopoly Rights and Economic Growth: An inverted U-shaped relation," Discussion papers 16093, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    8. Kenichi Ueda & Stijn Claessens, 2008. "Banks and Labor as Stakeholders; Impact on Economic Performance," IMF Working Papers 08/229, International Monetary Fund.
    9. Ongena, Steven & Cerqueiro, Geraldo & Roszbach, Kasper, 2016. "Collateral damage? On collateral, corporate financing and performance," Working Paper Series 1918, European Central Bank.
    10. Kenichi Ueda & Stijn Claessen, 2016. "Monopoly Rights and Economic Growth: An Inverted U-Shaped Relation," CARF F-Series CARF-F-396, Center for Advanced Research in Finance, Faculty of Economics, The University of Tokyo.
    11. repec:eee:jeeman:v:84:y:2017:i:c:p:189-208 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Aarstad Jarle, 2014. "Structural Holes and Entrepreneurial Decision Making," Entrepreneurship Research Journal, De Gruyter, vol. 4(3), pages 1-16, July.
    13. Santiago Carbó Valverde & Francisco Rodríguez-Fernández & Gregory F. Udell, 2008. "Bank lending, financing constraints and SME investment," Working Paper Series WP-08-04, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
    14. Uras, Burak R., 2014. "Corporate financial structure, misallocation and total factor productivity," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 177-191.
    15. Jae-Seung Han & Sang-Yong Lee, 2013. "The impact of technology transfer contract on a firm’s market value in Korea," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 38(5), pages 651-674, October.
    16. Boustanifar, Hamid, 2014. "Finance and employment: Evidence from U.S. banking reforms," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 343-354.

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