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Arbitrage and Existence of Equilibrium in Infinite Asset Markets

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  • Donald J. Brown
  • Jan Werner

Abstract

This paper develops a framework for a general equilibrium analysis of asset markets when the number of assets is infinite. Such markets have been studied in the context of asset pricing theories. Our main results concern the existence of an equilibrium. We show that an equilibrium exists if there is a price system under which no investor has an arbitrage opportunity. A similar result has been previously known to hold in finite asset markets. Our extension to infinite assets involves a concept of an arbitrage opportunity which is different from the one used in finite markets. An arbitrage opportunity in finite asset markets is a portfolio that guarantees non-negative payoff in every event, positive payoff in some event, and has zero price. For the case of infinite asset markets, we introduce a concept of sequential arbitrage opportunity which is a sequence of portfolios which increases an investor's utility indefinitely and has zero price in the limit. We show that a sequential arbitrage opportunity and an arbitrage portfolio are equivalent concepts in finite markets but not in their infinite counterpart.

Suggested Citation

  • Donald J. Brown & Jan Werner, 1995. "Arbitrage and Existence of Equilibrium in Infinite Asset Markets," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 62(1), pages 101-114.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:restud:v:62:y:1995:i:1:p:101-114.
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.2307/2297843
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    Cited by:

    1. Thai Ha Huy & Cuong Le Van, 2014. "Arbitrage and asset market equilibrium in finite dimensional economies with short," Working Papers 2014-122, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
    2. Ha-Huy, Thai & Le Van, Cuong & Nguyen, Manh-Hung, 2016. "Arbitrage and asset market equilibrium in infinite dimensional economies with short-selling and risk-averse expected utilities," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 30-39.
    3. Le Van, Cuong & Truong Xuan, Duc Ha, 2001. "Asset market equilibrium in Lp spaces with separable utilities," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 241-254, December.
    4. Dana, Rose-Anne & Le Van, Cuong & Magnien, Francois, 1999. "On the Different Notions of Arbitrage and Existence of Equilibrium," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 169-193, July.
    5. Cuong Van & Frank Page & Myrna Wooders, 2007. "Risky arbitrage, asset prices, and externalities," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 33(3), pages 475-491, December.
    6. Thai Ha-Huy & Cuong Le Van & Frank Page & Myrna Wooders, 2017. "No-arbitrage and Equilibrium in Finite Dimension: A General Result," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 17023, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
    7. Aliprantis, C. D. & Brown, D. J. & Polyrakis, I. A. & Werner, J., 1998. "Portfolio dominance and optimality in infinite security markets," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 347-366, October.
    8. Nizar Allouch & Monique Florenzano, 2004. "Edgeworth and Walras equilibria of an arbitrage-free exchange economy," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 23(2), pages 353-370, January.
    9. Martins-da-Rocha, V. Filipe & Monteiro, Paulo K., 2009. "Unbounded exchange economies with satiation: How far can we go?," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(7-8), pages 465-478, July.
    10. Dana, Rose-Anne & Le Van, Cuong, 2000. "Arbitrage, duality and asset equilibria," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 397-413, November.
    11. Xanthos, Foivos, 2014. "A note on the equilibrium theory of economies with asymmetric information," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 1-3.
    12. Wassim Daher & V. Martins-da-Rocha & Yiannis Vailakis, 2007. "Asset market equilibrium with short-selling and differential information," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 32(3), pages 425-446, September.
    13. Werner, Jan, 1997. "Diversification and Equilibrium in Securities Markets," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 75(1), pages 89-103, July.
    14. Senda Ounaies & Jean-Marc Bonnisseau & Souhail Chebbi, 2016. "Equilibrium of a production economy with noncompact attainable allocations set," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 16056r, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne, revised Oct 2017.
    15. Charalambos Aliprantis & Kim Border & Owen Burkinshaw, 1996. "Market economies with many commodities," Decisions in Economics and Finance, Springer;Associazione per la Matematica, vol. 19(1), pages 113-185, March.
    16. Allouch, Nizar & Le Van, Cuong & Page, Frank Jr., 2002. "The geometry of arbitrage and the existence of competitive equilibrium," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(4), pages 373-391, December.
    17. Dana, R. A. & Le Van, C., 1996. "Asset Equilibria in Lp spaces with complete markets: A duality approach," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 263-280.
    18. repec:eee:mateco:v:73:y:2017:i:c:p:44-53 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. Senda Ounaies & Jean-Marc Bonnisseau & Souhail Chebbi, 2016. "Equilibrium of a production economy with unbounded attainable allocations set," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 16056, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
    20. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00086096 is not listed on IDEAS
    21. Aliprantis, C. D. & Florenzano, M. & Martins-da-Rocha, V. F. & Tourky, R., 2004. "Equilibrium analysis in financial markets with countably many securities," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(6), pages 683-699, September.
    22. PageJr., Frank H. & Wooders, Myrna H. & Monteiro, Paulo K., 2000. "Inconsequential arbitrage," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 439-469, December.
    23. Wassim Daher & V. Filipe Martins-Da-Rocha & Yiannis Vailakis, 2005. "Asset market equilibrium with short-selling and differential information," Post-Print halshs-00173787, HAL.

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