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Banks, Capital Markets, and the Monetary Transmission Mechanism


  • Dimsdale, Nicholas


This paper reviews the recent literature on bank behavior and the transmission process of monetary policy. It examines the implications of asymmetric information for the credit market and the capital market and discusses the macroeconomic significance of these results. In models with imperfect information net worth is found to play a key role in generating macroeconomic fluctuations and in the monetary transmission process. The special characteristics of banks are discussed and also the conditions required for the presence of a distinct credit channel for monetary policy. Empirical evidence on the importance of the new theories is briefly reviewed including an evaluation of the role of capital market imperfections in investment and consumption and the differential impact of monetary policy on small and large firms. The lessons to be drawn from these theoretical and empirical results for the conduct of monetary policy are briefly outlined. Copyright 1994 by Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Dimsdale, Nicholas, 1994. "Banks, Capital Markets, and the Monetary Transmission Mechanism," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 10(4), pages 34-48, Winter.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:oxford:v:10:y:1994:i:4:p:34-48

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Berger, Allen N. & Klapper, Leora F. & Udell, Gregory F., 2001. "The ability of banks to lend to informationally opaque small businesses," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(12), pages 2127-2167, December.
    2. Andrew Ang & Angela Maddaloni, 2005. "Do Demographic Changes Affect Risk Premiums? Evidence from International Data," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 78(1), pages 341-380, January.
    3. Boot, Arnoud W A & Thakor, Anjan V, 1997. "Financial System Architecture," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 10(3), pages 693-733.
    4. Kpate ADJAOUTÉ & Jean-Pierre DANTHINE, 2003. "European Financial Integration and Equity Returns: A Theory-Based Assessment," FAME Research Paper Series rp84, International Center for Financial Asset Management and Engineering.
    5. Bekaert, Geert & Harvey, Campbell R, 1995. " Time-Varying World Market Integration," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 50(2), pages 403-444, June.
    6. Berger, Allen N. & Dai, Qinglei & Ongena, Steven & Smith, David C., 2003. "To what extent will the banking industry be globalized? A study of bank nationality and reach in 20 European nations," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 383-415, March.
    7. Agnes A Belaisch & Joaquim Vieira Ferreira Levy & Laura E. Kodres & Angel J. Ubide, 2001. "Euro-Area Banking At the Crossroads," IMF Working Papers 01/28, International Monetary Fund.
    8. Allen, Franklin & Gale, Douglas, 1995. "A welfare comparison of intermediaries and financial markets in Germany and the US," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 179-209, February.
    9. Ehrmann, Michael & Backé, Peter, 2003. "Monetary policy transmission in the euro area: any changes after EMU?," Working Paper Series 240, European Central Bank.
    10. Allen N. Berger & Robert De Young & Gregory F. Udell, 2001. "Efficiency Barriers to the Consolidation of the European Financial Services Industry," European Financial Management, European Financial Management Association, vol. 7(1), pages 117-130.
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    Cited by:

    1. G.J. De Bondt, 1999. "Credit channels in Europe: a cross-country investigation," Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, Banca Nazionale del Lavoro, vol. 52(210), pages 295-326.

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