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Outsourcing and skill-specific employment in a small economy: Austria after the fall of the Iron Curtain


  • Hartmut Egger
  • Peter Egger


We set up a model, in which firms in a small industrialized country outsource part of their production to a foreign economy, which is rich in low-skilled labour. We analyse, how a decline in trade costs affects outsourcing activities and the production structure in the small economy. A stimulation of cross-border outsourcing raises wage dispersion and, if labour markets are unionized, also the employment of high-skilled relative to low-skilled labour. Using a panel of Austrian industries, we find, first, that decreasing trade barriers--as observed after the fall of the Iron Curtain--indeed stimulate outsourcing to Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, and, second, that outsourcing to these countries significantly shifts relative employment in favour of high-skilled labour. Copyright 2003, Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Hartmut Egger & Peter Egger, 2003. "Outsourcing and skill-specific employment in a small economy: Austria after the fall of the Iron Curtain," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 55(4), pages 625-643, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:oxecpp:v:55:y:2003:i:4:p:625-643

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    6. Aizenman, Joshua & Frenkel, Jacob A, 1985. "Optimal Wage Indexation, Foreign Exchange Intervention, and Monetary Policy," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(3), pages 402-423, June.
    7. David Currie & Paul Levine, 1985. "Macroeconomic Policy Design in an Interdependent World," NBER Chapters,in: International Economic Policy Coordination, pages 228-273 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Carlo Carraro & Francesco Giavazzi, 1988. "Can International Policy Coordination Really Be Counterproductive?," NBER Working Papers 2669, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Dornbusch, Rudiger & Fischer, Stanley, 1980. "Exchange Rates and the Current Account," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(5), pages 960-971, December.
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