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Deterministic, Stochastic, and Segmented Trends in Aggregate Output: A Cross-Country Analysis

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  • Cheung, Yin-Wong
  • Chinn, Menzie David

Abstract

This paper examines whether output per capita in 126 countries is better described as trend or difference stationary, using appropriate finite-sample critical values. Depending upon whether one uses solely a test with a trend stationary null, or solely one with a difference stationary null, very different conclusions are obtained. This outcome suggests that it is useful to consider the tests complementary, rather than competing. The authors find that, when a definite characterization of GDP can be made, it is very likely to indicate a difference stationary process. However, the likelihood of making definite conclusions does vary positively with both income level and data quality. Copyright 1996 by Royal Economic Society.

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  • Cheung, Yin-Wong & Chinn, Menzie David, 1996. "Deterministic, Stochastic, and Segmented Trends in Aggregate Output: A Cross-Country Analysis," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 48(1), pages 134-162, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:oxecpp:v:48:y:1996:i:1:p:134-62
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