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The Growth Rate Effects of Tax Reform

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  • Pecorino, Paul

Abstract

A model of growth through the accumulation of human capital is set out and tax reforms simulated using the U.S. economy in 1985 as a basis for the benchmark parametrization. The growth rate effects of tax reform are found to be on the order of one percentage point of growth per capita. This gain in growth is associated with replacing the existing income tax structure with a consumption tax. Replacing the tax on physical capital with higher taxes on labor is found to be mildly growth reducing. The results are contrasted with those of R. E. Lucas (1990). Copyright 1994 by Royal Economic Society.

Suggested Citation

  • Pecorino, Paul, 1994. "The Growth Rate Effects of Tax Reform," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 46(3), pages 492-501, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:oxecpp:v:46:y:1994:i:3:p:492-501
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    Cited by:

    1. Carlo Perroni, 1997. "Joint Production of Goods and Knowledge: Implications for Tax Reform," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 4(2), pages 149-165, May.
    2. Berthold U. Wigger, 2004. "On the Intergenerational Incidence of Wage and Consumption Taxes," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 6(1), pages 1-23, February.
    3. Zeng, Jinli, 2003. "Reexamining the interaction between innovation and capital accumulation," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 25(4), pages 541-560, December.
    4. Pecorino, Paul, 1995. "Tax rates and tax revenues in a model of growth through human capital accumulation," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 527-539, December.
    5. Beladi, Hamid & Sinha, Chaitali & Kar, Saibal, 2016. "To educate or not to educate: Impact of public policies in developing countries," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 94-101.
    6. Manuel Gomez, 2003. "Effects of Flat-Rate Taxes: to What Extent Does the Leisure Specification Matter?," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 6(2), pages 404-430, April.
    7. Bianconi, Marcelo, 2000. "The effects of alternative fiscal policies on the intertemporal government budget constraint," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 31-52, February.
    8. Wen-ya Chang & Hsueh-fang Tsai & Juin-jen Chang & Kuo-Hao Lee, 2015. "Consumption tax, seigniorage tax and tax switch in a cash-in-advance economy of endogenous growth," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 114(1), pages 23-42, January.
    9. Fredriksson, Anders, 2007. "Compositional and dynamic Laffer effects in models with constant returns to scale," Research Papers in Economics 2007:2, Stockholm University, Department of Economics, revised 21 Apr 2004.
    10. repec:kap:iaecre:v:10:y:2004:i:3:p:202-214 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. James B. Davies & Jie Zhang & Jinli Zeng, 2000. "Optimal tax mix in a two-sector growth model with transitional dynamics," Departmental Working Papers wp0105, National University of Singapore, Department of Economics.
    12. James Alm & Asmaa El-Ganainy, 2013. "Value-added taxation and consumption," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 20(1), pages 105-128, February.
    13. Chen, Ping-ho & Chu, Angus C. & Chu, Hsun & Lai, Ching-chong, 2017. "Short-run and long-run effects of capital taxation on innovation and economic growth," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 207-221.
    14. repec:pai:apunup:es-40-04 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Mustafa Babiker, "undated". "Taxation And Labor Supply Decision: The Implications of Human Capital Acumulation," API-Working Paper Series 0205, Arab Planning Institute - Kuwait, Information Center.
    16. Davies, James B. & Zeng, Jinli & Zhang, Jie, 2000. "Consumption vs. income taxes when private human capital investments are imperfectly observable," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 77(1), pages 1-28, July.
    17. Gomez, Manuel A., 2000. "Welfare-maximizing tax structure in a model with human capital," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 95-99, July.
    18. Zhang, Jie & Davies, James & Zeng, Jinli & McDonald, Stuart, 2008. "Optimal taxation in a growth model with public consumption and home production," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(3-4), pages 885-896, April.
    19. Wen-Ya Chang & Ying-An Chen & Ming-Ruey Kao, 2008. "Social Status, Education And Government Spending In A Two-Sector Model Of Endogenous Growth," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 59(1), pages 99-112.
    20. Manuel Gómez & Antonio Escalona & J. Seijas, 2004. "Optimal fiscal policy in the Uzawa-Lucas model with CES production," International Advances in Economic Research, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 10(3), pages 202-214, October.
    21. Tsur, Yacov & Zemel, Amos, 2004. "Knowledge Spillover, Learning Incentives And Economic Growth," Discussion Papers 14991, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Department of Agricultural Economics and Management.
    22. Pecorino, Paul, 1995. "Inflation, human capital accumulation and long-run growth," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 533-542.

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