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Imperfect Competition, Unemployment Benefit and the Non-neutrality of Money: An Example

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  • Dixon, Huw

Abstract

This paper provides a simple example of a multisector unionized economy with equilibrium unemployment and for which monetary policy has a standard Keynesian multiplier. In equilibrium, unions choose a wage that is a fixed markup over the nominal unemployment benefit level, which can lead to unemployment even when benefits are below the market clearing wage, resulting in endogenously fixed nominal wages and prices. In the long run, the government can restore full employment by monetary expansion or a cut in benefits; in the short run, however, monetary expansion is a superior policy instrument for Rawlesian or utilitarian governments. There is a continuum of employment levels attainable by macroeconomic policy, and this Copyright 1990 by Royal Economic Society.

Suggested Citation

  • Dixon, Huw, 1990. "Imperfect Competition, Unemployment Benefit and the Non-neutrality of Money: An Example," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 42(2), pages 402-413, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:oxecpp:v:42:y:1990:i:2:p:402-13
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    Cited by:

    1. Su, Tong-Yaa, 2016. "Competition between Firms in Economic Evolution: Its Characteristics and Differences to the Biological Sphere," MPRA Paper 72756, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Jim Malley & Hassan Molana, 2000. "Monopolistic Competition, Efficiency Wages and Perverse Effects of Demand Shock," Working Papers 2000_20, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow, revised Feb 2001.
    3. Yew-Kwang Ng & Ying Wu, 2004. "Multiple Equilibria and Interfirm Macro-Externality: An Analysis of Sluggish Real Adjustment," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 5(1), pages 61-77, May.

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