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Corporate Ownership and Control: A New Look at the Evidence of Berle and Means


  • Leech, Dennis


The empirical findings of the classic study of the separation of ownership and control by A. A. Berle and G. C. Means (still authorita tive after more than fifty years) are reappraised. A probabilistic vo ting model is used to define rigorously minority ownership control an d a rule for determining control type. For the sixteen companies whic h Berle and Means classified as management controlled, the rule varie s with shareholding concentration and differs substantially from that used by them. A direct application leaves the control classification s unchanged but the possibility of controlling coalitions of large sh areholders is demonstrated. The separation thesis is shown not to be well supported by the data. Copyright 1987 by Royal Economic Society.

Suggested Citation

  • Leech, Dennis, 1987. "Corporate Ownership and Control: A New Look at the Evidence of Berle and Means," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 39(3), pages 534-551, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:oxecpp:v:39:y:1987:i:3:p:534-51

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    Cited by:

    1. Rafael Crespi, 1993. "Protecciones anti-opa y concentración de la propiedad: el poder de voto," Economics Working Papers 32, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
    2. T. Biebuyck & Ariane Chapelle & Ariane Szafarz, 2002. "Les leviers de contrôle des actionnaires majoritaires," Working Papers CEB 03-001.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.

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