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Appropriability Hazards and Governance in Strategic Alliances: A Transaction Cost Approach

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  • Oxley, Joanne E

Abstract

Despite the recent proliferation of interfirm alliances designed to govern cooperative efforts in creating or exploiting technology, we have limited understanding of how firms chose among the various alliance types available to them. In this article, I examine the governance properties of different alliance types and develop a simplified market-hierarchy continuum of alliances. This then forms the basis for an empirical examination of appropriability hazards and governance. Strong support for hypotheses derived from transaction cost theory is provided by analysis of a large sample of interfirm alliances. More hierarchical alliances are chosen when appropriablity hazards are severe because technology is difficult to specify or because the scope of activities is wider, so that monitoring is hampered. Copyright 1997 by Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Oxley, Joanne E, 1997. "Appropriability Hazards and Governance in Strategic Alliances: A Transaction Cost Approach," Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 13(2), pages 387-409, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:jleorg:v:13:y:1997:i:2:p:387-409
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