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Countervailing Duty against China: Opening a Pandora's Box in the WTO System?


  • Dukgeun Ahn
  • Jieun Lee


In this article, we trace the jurisprudential history of the applicability of US countervailing duty (CVD) law to non-market economies (NMEs). We describe how, since the USA reversed its long-standing policy of not imposing CVDs on NMEs, concurrent application of antidumping (AD) duties and CVDs has become the country's major trade remedy action against China. Although the WTO panel rejected China's claim of WTO-inconsistency regarding the current US practices, the US Court of International Trade firmly ruled that the Department of Commerce's double counting of AD duties and CVDs against China violates domestic regulation. Finally, the WTO Appellate Body ruled that this 'double remedy' violates the rule to levy CVDs 'in the appropriate amounts' under Article 19.3 of the Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures. We will argue that, although the Appellate Body's ruling is praiseworthy in preventing an illogical practice, its legal reasoning may give rise to some doubts and controversy when the negotiating history of Article 19 is examined. We will also analyze key features of current double remedy practices in the USA and Canada. Oxford University Press 2011, all rights reserved, Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Dukgeun Ahn & Jieun Lee, 2011. "Countervailing Duty against China: Opening a Pandora's Box in the WTO System?," Journal of International Economic Law, Oxford University Press, vol. 14(2), pages 329-368, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:jieclw:v:14:y:2011:i:2:p:329-368

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