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Aspects of the rural-urban transformation of countries

Author

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  • J. Vernon Henderson
  • Hyoung Gun Wang

Abstract

This paper models the rural-urban spatial transformation that occurs with urbanization, as driven by economic and population growth. This transformation involves the agglomeration of populations into cities, with increasing numbers of cities and increasing populations of individual cities. The paper focuses on the forces that drive this transformation, how this transformation proceeds, and what are the potential traps and inefficiencies are that may inhibit it. We also examine the issue of evolving spatial inequality under urbanization, between the rural and urban sectors and potentially within the urban sector distinguishing true inequality, from observed inequality in nominal incomes and wages. Copyright 2005, Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • J. Vernon Henderson & Hyoung Gun Wang, 2005. "Aspects of the rural-urban transformation of countries," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 5(1), pages 23-42, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:jecgeo:v:5:y:2005:i:1:p:23-42
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/jnlecg/lbh052
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Dorosh, Paul & Thurlow, James, 2014. "Can Cities or Towns Drive African Development? Economywide Analysis for Ethiopia and Uganda," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 113-123.
    2. Andrés Rodríguez-Pose, 2010. "Economic Geographers and the Limelight: Institutions and Policy in the "World Development Report 2009"," Economic Geography, Clark University, vol. 86(4), pages 361-370, October.
    3. Rodríguez-Pose, Andrés, 2010. "Economic geographers and the limelight: the reaction to the 2009 World Development Report," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 33513, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    4. Henderson, J. Vernon & Kriticos, Sebastian, 2017. "The development of the African system of cities," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 86349, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    5. Breinlich, Holger & Ottaviano, Gianmarco I.P. & Temple, Jonathan R.W., 2014. "Regional Growth and Regional Decline," Handbook of Economic Growth,in: Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 4, pages 683-779 Elsevier.
    6. Biller, Dan & Andres, Luis & Cuberes, David, 2014. "A dynamic spatial model of rural-urban transformation with public goods," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7051, The World Bank.
    7. Joachim Vandercasteelen & Seneshaw Tamru & Bart Minten & Johan Swinnen, 2017. "Secondary towns, agricultural prices, and intensification: Evidence from Ethiopia," LICOS Discussion Papers 39317, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
    8. Faguet, Jean-Paul & Shami, Mahvish, 2008. "Fiscal policy and spatial inequality in Latin America and beyond," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 27162, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    9. Rodriguez-Pose, Andres & Gill, Nicholas, 2006. "How does trade affect regional disparities?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 34(7), pages 1201-1222, July.
    10. Kubis, Alexander & Schneider, Lutz, 2012. "Human capital mobility and convergence : a spatial dynamic panel model of the German regions," IAB Discussion Paper 201223, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    11. World Bank, 2016. "Malawi Urbanization Review," World Bank Other Operational Studies 24391, The World Bank.
    12. Kanbur, Ravi & Venables, Anthony J., 2005. "SPATIAL INEQUALITY AND DEVELOPMENT Overview of UNU-WIDER Project," Working Papers 127127, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
    13. Chein, Flávia & Assunção, Juliano Junqueira & Lemos, Mauro Borges, 2009. "Custos de Transporte, Urbanização e Desenvolvimento: Evidências a Partir da Criação de Cidades," Revista Brasileira de Economia - RBE, FGV/EPGE - Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil), vol. 63(3), August.
    14. J. Vernon Henderson & Adam Storeygard & David N. Weil, 2012. "Measuring Economic Growth from Outer Space," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 102(2), pages 994-1028, April.
    15. Henderson, J. Vernon & Roberts, Mark & Storeygard, Adam, 2013. "Is urbanization in Sub-Saharan Africa different ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6481, The World Bank.
    16. J. Vernon Henderson, 2010. "Cities And Development," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 50(1), pages 515-540.
    17. Zhou, Yang & Liu, Yansui & Wu, Wenxiang & Li, Yurui, 2015. "Effects of rural–urban development transformation on energy consumption and CO2 emissions: A regional analysis in China," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 863-875.
    18. repec:bla:etrans:v:25:y:2017:i:3:p:439-469 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. repec:esx:essedp:729 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. Desmet, Klaus & Henderson, J. Vernon, 2015. "The Geography of Development Within Countries," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Elsevier.
    21. Enver, Ayesha & Partridge, Mark D., 2008. "Rural-Urban Migration and the Intergenerational Transmission of Wealth," 2008 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2008, Orlando, Florida 6475, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    22. repec:eee:wdevel:v:106:y:2018:i:c:p:393-406 is not listed on IDEAS
    23. David Castells & Vicente Royuela, 2012. "Agglomeration, Inequality and Economic Growth: Cross-section and panel data analysis," ERSA conference papers ersa12p492, European Regional Science Association.

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