Endemic Diseases and Development: Introduction and Overview
Evidence abounds to support the view that while health, measured by life expectancy, had improved, and converged in the world, the income or economic prosperity did not. Recent literature tried to show that poor health and endemic diseases in Africa may constitute a barrier to growth. However, the connections between health and economic development are controversial. The papers presented in this volume deal with this issue and discuss the different channels by which diseases affect the economy and how adequate policy may improve health. The first paper by T. Paul Schultz on health human capital and economic development analyses the interrelations between health and economic development raising the difficulty of estimating those connections due to some methodological constraints. He also shows the importance of distinguishing between the technology of 'health production functions' and the relationship between an individual's stock of health and her or his economic productivity, duration of life and returns to health human capital. He underlines that in low-income countries and specifically in Africa, improvements in nutrition and control of endemic diseases concentrated in childhood were relatively cheap and have contributed to a convergence of lifespan. And the prior reduction in childhood illnesses may itself contribute to improved adult health outcomes later in the life, such as to increase their potential economic productivity as adults. The second paper by D. Weil on endemic diseases and African economic growth argues about the need for investing more in health in Africa, as the actual income gain from better health and endemic disease elimination is large. Considering that the burden of diseases is not only a public health matter but also an economic matter, the author focuses on the effect of diseases on economic growth. He shows that its effects act through numerous channels at different time horizons. A simulation model that may describe these channels at the aggregate level is then discussed. The third paper by M. Audibert on endemic diseases and agricultural productivity confirms, like Schultz and Weil did, that connections between health, measured here by endemic diseases, and economic prosperity, are controversial. She shows that the magnitude of the economic effect of diseases depends on the disease itself, the worker productivity and the existence or not of coping mechanisms. She also examines the reverse causation of the association by wondering whether intensive agriculture may be a risk factor for health. Copyright 2010 The author 2010. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Centre for the Study of African Economies. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: email@example.com, Oxford University Press.
If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Volume (Year): 19 (2010)
Issue (Month): suppl_3 (November)
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: |
Phone: +44-(0)1865 271084
Fax: 01865 267 985
Web page: http://www.jae.oupjournals.org/
More information through EDIRC
|Order Information:||Web: http://www.oup.co.uk/journals|
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:oup:jafrec:v:19:y:2010:i:suppl_3:p:3-11. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Oxford University Press)or (Christopher F. Baum)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.