Technology and institutions in changing specialization: chemicals and motor vehicles in the United States, United Kingdom, and Germany
There were radical changes in national specialization during the 20th century: Germany's loss of dominance—to the United States' and United Kingdom—in much of the chemicals industry; the United States loss of dominance—partly to Germany—and the collapse of the United Kingdom, in motor vehicles. The main measures used are patenting, trade and sales. The reversal is explained in terms of changing institutional demands of the sectors as their dominant technologies changed, and of far-reaching changes in the institutions relevant to the national system of innovation. Copyright 2007 , Oxford University Press.
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Volume (Year): 16 (2007)
Issue (Month): 5 (October)
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