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Institutional carriers: reviewing modes of transporting ideas over time and space and considering their consequences


  • W. Richard Scott


Institutions are defined as systems composed of regulative, normative and cultural-cognitive elements that act to produce meaning, stability and order. Institutional elements move from place to place and time to time with the help of carriers. Four types of carriers are distinguished--symbolic systems, relational systems, routines, and artifacts--and two of these--symbolic and relation systems--are described and illustrated. It is argued that carriers are not neutral vehicles but have important effects on the elements transmitted. Copyright 2003, Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • W. Richard Scott, 2003. "Institutional carriers: reviewing modes of transporting ideas over time and space and considering their consequences," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 12(4), pages 879-894, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:indcch:v:12:y:2003:i:4:p:879-894

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    1. Matthias Garschagen, 2013. "Resilience and organisational institutionalism from a cross-cultural perspective: an exploration based on urban climate change adaptation in Vietnam," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 67(1), pages 25-46, May.
    2. Pant, Laxmi Prasad, 2016. "Paradox of mainstreaming agroecology for regional and rural food security in developing countries," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 111(C), pages 305-316.
    3. Dag Madsen & Kåre Slåtten, 2013. "The Role of the Management Fashion Arena in the Cross-National Diffusion of Management Concepts: The Case of the Balanced Scorecard in the Scandinavian Countries," Administrative Sciences, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 3(3), pages 1-33, August.
    4. repec:eee:crpeac:v:22:y:2011:i:6:p:581-592 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Jones, Mavis & Einsiedel, Edna, 2011. "Institutional policy learning and public consultation: The Canadian xenotransplantation experience," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 73(5), pages 655-662, September.
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    7. Jarrod Ormiston & Richard Seymour, 2011. "Understanding Value Creation in Social Entrepreneurship: The Importance of Aligning Mission, Strategy and Impact Measurement," Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 2(2), pages 125-150, October.
    8. Marcia Annisette & Alan J. Richardson, 2011. "Justification and accounting: applying sociology of worth to accounting research," Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 24(2), pages 229-249, February.
    9. Olivier Baly & Frédéric Kletz & Jean-Claude Sardas, 2016. "Collective Sensemaking: The Cave within the Cage," Post-Print hal-01305315, HAL.
    10. Audley Genus, 2014. "Governing Sustainability: A Discourse-Institutional Approach," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(1), pages 1-23, January.
    11. Schøtt, Thomas & Jensen, Kent Wickstrøm, 2016. "Firms’ innovation benefiting from networking and institutional support: A global analysis of national and firm effects," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(6), pages 1233-1246.
    12. repec:eee:iburev:v:27:y:2018:i:2:p:481-500 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Scott, Susan V. & Orlikowski, Wanda J., 2009. "'Getting the truth': exploring the material grounds of institutional dynamics in social media," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 26699, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    14. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:5:p:764-:d:97808 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Anders Malmberg & Peter Maskell, 2010. "An Evolutionary Approach to Localized Learning and Spatial Clustering," Chapters,in: The Handbook of Evolutionary Economic Geography, chapter 18 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    16. Elisa Villani & Luciano Greco & Nelson Phillips, 2015. "Business Models and Institutional Complexity: Understanding Value Creation in Healthcare Sector Public-Private Partnerships," BEMPS - Bozen Economics & Management Paper Series BEMPS31, Faculty of Economics and Management at the Free University of Bozen.
    17. Reinstaller, Andreas, 2005. "Policy entrepreneurship in the co-evolution of institutions, preferences, and technology: Comparing the diffusion of totally chlorine free pulp bleaching technologies in the US and Sweden," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(9), pages 1366-1384, November.
    18. Mingqiong Zhang & Cherrie Jiuhua Zhu & Chris Nyland, 2014. "The Institution of Hukou-based Social Exclusion: A Unique Institution Reshaping the Characteristics of Contemporary Urban China," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 38(4), pages 1437-1457, July.
    19. Andreas Reinstaller, 2013. "An evolutionary view on social innovation and the process of economic change," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 43, WWWforEurope.
    20. Mary Ann Glynn, 2008. "Configuring the Field of Play: How Hosting the Olympic Games Impacts Civic Community," Journal of Management Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 45(6), pages 1117-1146, September.

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