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Hierarchical Pyramids and Heterarchical Networks: Organisational Strategies and Structures of Multinational Corporations and its Impact on World Development


  • Paz Estrella Tolentino


On the occasion of the thirty-first anniversary of the publication of The Multinational Corporation and the Law of Uneven Development by Hymer, the paper seeks to assess the relevance of Hymer's prediction to our current understanding of the multinational company (MNC) and its role in world economic development. It argues that the largely ethnocentric type of MNC portrayed by Hymer is descriptive of one type of MNC, and that systematic differences exist between different types on the basis of inter alia corporate organisational structure, the level and type of organisational control mechanisms, and the extent of interdependence between interorganisational units. Copyright 2002, Oxford University Press.

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  • Paz Estrella Tolentino, 2002. "Hierarchical Pyramids and Heterarchical Networks: Organisational Strategies and Structures of Multinational Corporations and its Impact on World Development," Contributions to Political Economy, Oxford University Press, vol. 21(1), pages 69-89, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:copoec:v:21:y:2002:i:1:p:69-89

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    Cited by:

    1. Alexander Rogach & Tetyana Balyuk, 2012. "Intra-Firm Transactions of TNCs in Ukraine: Empirical Investigation," Transition Studies Review, Springer;Central Eastern European University Network (CEEUN), vol. 18(3), pages 586-600, March.
    2. repec:spr:infosf:v:17:y:2015:i:2:d:10.1007_s10796-013-9452-7 is not listed on IDEAS

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