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Investigating the anatomy of the employment effect of new business formation

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Listed:
  • Michael Fritsch
  • Florian Noseleit

Abstract

We decompose the overall contribution of new business formation on regional employment into the direct employment effect and the indirect effects that entries have on incumbents. The results indicate that the overall effect of new business formation on incumbent employment is positive and quantitatively more important than the employment generated in the newcomers themselves. The major part of regional difference in employment change caused by entries is explained by differences in the entries' effects on incumbent employment. We conclude that the interaction of start-ups with their regional environment plays a decisive role in explaining their overall impact on regional development. Based on these findings, suggestions for policy and further research are offered. Copyright , Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael Fritsch & Florian Noseleit, 2013. "Investigating the anatomy of the employment effect of new business formation," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 37(2), pages 349-377.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:cambje:v:37:y:2013:i:2:p:349-377
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/cje/bes030
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    Cited by:

    1. Michael Fritsch & Alexandra Schroeter, 2011. "Does Quality make a Difference? Employment Effects of High- and Low-Quality Start-ups," ERSA conference papers ersa10p1400, European Regional Science Association.
    2. Henrekson, Magnus & Johansson, Dan, 2010. "Firm Growth, Institutions and Structural Transformation," Working Paper Series 820, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    3. David Audretsch & Maksim Belitski & Sameeksha Desai, 2015. "Entrepreneurship and economic development in cities," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 55(1), pages 33-60, October.
    4. Martin Andersson & Florian Noseleit, 2011. "Start-ups and employment dynamics within and across sectors," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 36(4), pages 461-483, May.
    5. Schneck, Stefan & May-Strobl, Eva, 2013. "Wohlstandseffekte des Gründungsgeschehens," IfM-Materialien 223, Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn.
    6. Mendonça, Joana & Heitor, Manuel, 2016. "The changing patterns of industrial production: How does it play for the Iberian Peninsula?," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 113(PB), pages 293-307.
    7. Jiaochen Liang & Stephan Goetz, 2016. "Self-employment and trade shock mitigation," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 46(1), pages 45-56, January.
    8. Michael Fritsch & Florian Noseleit, 2013. "Indirect employment effects of new business formation across regions: The role of local market conditions," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 92(2), pages 361-382, June.
    9. repec:kap:sbusec:v:49:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s11187-017-9866-6 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Schneck, Stefan & May-Strobl, Eva, 2014. "The economic contribution of start-up firms in Germany," Working Papers 02/14, Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn.
    11. Brixy, Udo & Murmann, Martin, 2016. "The growth and human capital structure of new firms over the business cycle," IAB Discussion Paper 201642, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    12. Natalia Salazar Ferro & Carlos Antonio Mesa & Natalia Navarrete, 2017. "La estructura de las tarifas de registro en las Cámaras de Comercio y beneficios de sus servicios: impacto sobre la competitividad y la formalidad empresarial," INFORMES DE INVESTIGACIÓN 015726, FEDESARROLLO.
    13. Rui Baptista & Miguel Preto, 2011. "New firm formation and employment growth: regional and business dynamics," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 36(4), pages 419-442, May.
    14. Michael Fritsch & Florian Noseleit, 2009. "Start-ups, Long- and Short-Term Survivors and their Effect on Regional Employment Growth," Jena Economic Research Papers 2009-081, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.
    15. Jiaochen Liang & Stephan J. Goetz, 2016. "Self-employment and trade shock mitigation," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 46(1), pages 45-56, January.
    16. Stefan Fölster & Li Jansson & Anton Nyrenström Gidehag, 2016. "The effect of local business climate on employment," Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 5(1), pages 2-24, April.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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