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Theoretical Reflections on Endogenous Money: The Problem with 'Convenience Lending.'

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  • Arestis, Philip
  • Howells, Peter

Abstract

This paper questions the practice of representing the endogenous money supply by means of a 'horizontal' money supply curve, implicitly contrasted with the conventional 'vertical' (stock) supply curve. What is drawn as a horizontal curve is strictly a locus between a continually shifting stock curve and a shifting demand curve. Consequently, demand (for money) considerations have been suppressed in the 'horizontal' presentation. One response is that the resulting deposits are automatically held, through some process such as 'convenience lending'. However, the argument behind 'convenience lending' points to the conclusion that it is changes in relative interest rates that reconcile the demand for additional loans with the demand for additional deposits. (c) 1996 Academic Press Limited Copyright 1996 by Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Arestis, Philip & Howells, Peter, 1996. "Theoretical Reflections on Endogenous Money: The Problem with 'Convenience Lending.'," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 20(5), pages 539-551, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:cambje:v:20:y:1996:i:5:p:539-51
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    Cited by:

    1. Peter Howells & Iris Mariscal, 2006. "Monetary Policy Regimes. A Fragile Consensus," International Journal of Political Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(1), pages 62-83.
    2. Kepa Astorkiza & Ikerne del Valle, 2013. "Changing the Total Allowable Catch (TAC) Decision-Making Framework: A Central Bank of Fishes?," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 60(3), pages 415-431, May.
    3. Malcolm Sawyer, 1999. "The Kaleckian Analysis and the New Millennium," Review of Political Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(3), pages 303-319.
    4. Giancarlo Bertocco, 2005. "The Role of credit in a Keynesian monetary economy," Review of Political Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(4), pages 489-511.
    5. Duccio Cavalieri, 2004. "On Some Equilibrium and Disequilibrium Theories of Endogenous Money: A Structuralist View," History of Economic Ideas, Fabrizio Serra Editore, Pisa - Roma, vol. 12(3), pages 51-83.
    6. Zulfiqar Hyder & Adil Mahboob, 2006. "Equilibrium Real Effective Exchange Rate and Exchange Rate Misalignment in Pakistan," SBP Research Bulletin, State Bank of Pakistan, Research Department, vol. 2, pages 237-263..
    7. Philip Arestis & Malcolm Sawyer, 2003. "Does the stock of money have any causal significance?," Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, Banca Nazionale del Lavoro, vol. 56(225), pages 113-136.
    8. Giuseppe Fontana & Alfonso Palacio-Vera, 2002. "Monetary Policy Rules: What Are We Learning?," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(4), pages 547-568, July.
    9. Kevin S. Nell, 2000. "The Endogenous/Exogenous Nature of South Africa’s Money Supply Under Direct and Indirect Monetary Control Measures," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(2), pages 313-329, December.
    10. Giancarlo Bertocco, 2007. "The characteristics of a monetary economy: a Keynes--Schumpeter approach," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 31(1), pages 101-122, January.
    11. Bertocco Giancarlo, 2006. "Some observations about the endogenous money theory," Economics and Quantitative Methods qf0602, Department of Economics, University of Insubria.
    12. Jamee K. Moudud, 2010. "Strategic Competition, Dynamics, and the Role of the State," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 4241.
    13. Hein, Eckhard, 2010. "The rate of interest as a macroeconomic distribution parameter: Horizontalism and Post-Keynesian models of distribution of growth," MPRA Paper 23372, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. M. Lopreite, 2012. "The endogenous money hypothesis and securitization: the Euro area case (1999-2010)," Economics Department Working Papers 2012-EP02, Department of Economics, Parma University (Italy).
    15. Philip Arestis & Malcolm Sawyer, 1997. "Reasserting the Role of Keynesian Policies for the New Millenium," Economics Working Paper Archive wp_207, Levy Economics Institute.
    16. Philip Arestis, 1999. "The Independent European Central Bank: Keynesian Alternatives," Macroeconomics 9908004, EconWPA.
    17. Jorg Bibow, 2005. "Liquidity Preference Theory Revisited: To Ditch or to Build on It?," Economics Working Paper Archive wp_427, Levy Economics Institute.
    18. Mark Setterfield, 2014. "An essay on horizontalism, structuralism and historical time," Working Papers 1402, Trinity College, Department of Economics.
    19. Miglierina Enrico & Molho Elena, 2002. "Well-posedness and convexity in vector optimization," Economics and Quantitative Methods qf0221, Department of Economics, University of Insubria.
    20. Joerg Bibow, 2005. "Liquidity Preference Theory Revisited—To Ditch or to Build on It?," Method and Hist of Econ Thought 0508003, EconWPA.
    21. Jan Korda, 2011. "Monetární nerovnováha v teorii endogenních peněz
      [Monetary Disequilibrium in the Theory of Endogenous Money]
      ," Politická ekonomie, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2011(5), pages 680-705.
    22. Bertocco Giancarlo, 2003. "The economics of financing firms: the role of banks," Economics and Quantitative Methods qf0312, Department of Economics, University of Insubria.
    23. Malcolm Sawyer, 1998. "The Kaleckian Analysis and the New Mellinium," Macroeconomics 9805001, EconWPA, revised 01 Sep 1998.
    24. Man-Seop Park, 2004. "Credit money and Kaldor's 'institutional' theory of income distribution," Review of Political Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(1), pages 79-99.

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