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The Economics of Foreign Direct Investment and Trade with an Application to the U.S. Food Processing Industry

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  • Munisamy Gopinath
  • Daniel Pick
  • Utpal Vasavada

Abstract

This article investigates the determinants of foreign direct investment and its relationship to trade in the U.S. food industry. A multinational corporation maximizes profits by choosing between production at home, which is exported, and production in a host country. This introduces the possibility that foreign affiliate sales can substitute and/or complement exports. The empirical framework consists of a four-equations system with foreign affiliate sales, exports, affiliate employment, and FDI as endogenous variables. The results confirm small substitution between foreign sales and exports, and that the host country's protection policies affect the decision to invest abroad. Copyright 1999, Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Munisamy Gopinath & Daniel Pick & Utpal Vasavada, 1999. "The Economics of Foreign Direct Investment and Trade with an Application to the U.S. Food Processing Industry," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 81(2), pages 442-452.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:ajagec:v:81:y:1999:i:2:p:442-452
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