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Quotas without Supply Control: Effects of Dairy Quota Policy in California

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  • Daniel A. Sumner
  • Christopher A. Wolf

Abstract

Unlike the federal milk marketing order system, California's system includes a milk quota program. Oddly, this quota restricts neither production nor marketing. In aggregate, the quota program leads to more milk production than a typical marketing quota, but less milk than blend pricing without the quota. The California program generates more producer surplus and smaller welfare losses than a federal-style program without quota. When class 1 milk sales expand, production expands less under the quota program than with blend pricing without a quota. Finally, increases in aggregate quota lower production because they lower the marginal price of milk facing producers. Copyright 1996, Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniel A. Sumner & Christopher A. Wolf, 1996. "Quotas without Supply Control: Effects of Dairy Quota Policy in California," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 78(2), pages 354-366.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:ajagec:v:78:y:1996:i:2:p:354-366
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    Cited by:

    1. Van Herck, Kristine & Vranken, Liesbet, 2012. "Direct Payments and Land Rents: Evidence from New Member States," 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil 126777, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    2. Wilson, Norbert L.W. & Sumner, Daniel A. & Havenner, Arthur M., 1997. "Time Series Analysis of a Policy-Created Asset: The Case of the California Dairy Quota," 1997 Annual Meeting, July 13-16, 1997, Reno\Sparks, Nevada 35926, Western Agricultural Economics Association.
    3. Pavel Ciaian & d’Artis Kancs & Johan Swinnen, 2010. "EU Land Markets and the Common Agricultural Policy," Journal of Economics and Econometrics, Economics and Econometrics Society, vol. 53(3), pages 1-31.
    4. Pavel Ciaian & d'Artis Kancs & Jo Swinnen, 2008. "Static and Dynamic Distributional Effects of Decoupled Payments," Journal of Economics and Econometrics, Economics and Econometrics Society, vol. 51(2), pages 20-47.
    5. Jaclyn D. Kropp & Ani L. Katchova, 2011. "The effects of direct payments on liquidity and repayment capacity of beginning farmers," Agricultural Finance Review, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 71(3), pages 347-365, November.
    6. Balagtas, Joseph Valdes & Sumner, Daniel A., 2004. "Milk Marketing Orders And Milk Sanitation Regulation: Re-Evaulating Marketing Orders' Welfare Effects," 2004 Annual meeting, August 1-4, Denver, CO 20399, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    7. Bullock, David S. & Dadakas, Dimitrios & Katranidis, Stelios D., 2009. "Measuring the Effects of Technology Change in Multiple Markets : Application to the Greek Cotton Yarn Industry," MPRA Paper 67204, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2012.
    8. Sumner, Daniel A. & Wilson, Norbert L.W., 1999. "A Static Policy For A Dynamic Industry: The California Young Act Of 1935," 1999 Annual meeting, August 8-11, Nashville, TN 21566, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    9. Jaclyn D. Kropp & James B. Whitaker, 2011. "The impact of decoupled payments on the cost of operating capital," Agricultural Finance Review, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 71(1), pages 25-40, May.
    10. Nancy H. Chau & Harry de Gorter, 2005. "Disentangling the Consequences of Direct Payment Schemes in Agriculture on Fixed Costs, Exit Decisions, and Output," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 87(5), pages 1174-1181.
    11. Tozer, Peter R. & Huffaker, Ray G., 1999. "Dairy Deregulation And Low-Input Dairy Production: A Bioeconomic Evaluation," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 24(01), July.
    12. Just, David R. & Kropp, Jaclyn D., 2009. "Production Incentives from Static Decoupling: Entry, Exit and Use Exclusion Restrictions," 2009 Annual Meeting, July 26-28, 2009, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 49158, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    13. Daniel A. Sumner & Tom Cox, 1998. "Fair Dairy Policy," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 16(1), pages 58-68, January.
    14. Bailey, Kenneth W., 2000. "Evaluating The Economic Impacts Of Regional Milk Pricing Authorities: The Case Of Dairy Compacts," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, vol. 29(2), October.
    15. Van Herck, Kristine & Vranken, Liesbet, 2011. "Direct payments and rent extraction by land owners: Evidence form New Member States," 122nd Seminar, February 17-18, 2011, Ancona, Italy 99583, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    16. Kropp, Jaclyn D. & Whitaker, James B., 2009. "The Impact of Decoupled Payments on the Cost of Operating Capital," 2009 Annual Meeting, July 26-28, 2009, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 49311, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    17. Sumner, Daniel A. & Hallstrom, Daniel G., 1997. "Commodity Policy Compatibility With Free Trade Agreements," Harmonization\Convergence\Compatibility in Agriculture and Agri-Food Policy: Canada, United States and Mexico; Proceedings of the 3rd Ag... 1997 16914, Farm Foundation, Agricultural and Food Policy Systems Information Workshops.
    18. Sumner, Daniel A., 1995. "Farm Programs And Related Policy In The United States," Understanding Canada\United States Grain Disputes; Proceedings of the 1st Canada\U.S. Agricultural and Food Policy Systems Information Workshop - 1995 16742, Farm Foundation, Agricultural and Food Policy Systems Information Workshops.

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