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Production, Hedging, and Speculative Decisions with Options and Futures Markets

Author

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  • Harvey Lapan
  • Giancarlo Moschini
  • Steven D. Hanson

Abstract

This paper analyzes production, hedging, and speculative decisions when both futures and options can be used in an expected utility model of price and basis uncertainty. When futures and option prices are unbiased, optimal hedging requires only futures (options are redundant). Options are used together with futures as speculative tools when market prices are perceived as biased. Straddles are used to speculate on beliefs about price volatility and to hedge the futures position used to speculate on beliefs about the expected value of the futures price. Mean-variance analysis in general is not consistent with expected utility when options are allowed.

Suggested Citation

  • Harvey Lapan & Giancarlo Moschini & Steven D. Hanson, 1991. "Production, Hedging, and Speculative Decisions with Options and Futures Markets," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 73(1), pages 66-74.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:ajagec:v:73:y:1991:i:1:p:66-74.
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    Cited by:

    1. Sergio H. Lence & Dermot J. Hayes & Yong Sakong, 1994. "Multiperiod Production with Forward and Option Markets," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 76(2), pages 286-295.
    2. repec:eee:eneeco:v:64:y:2017:i:c:p:415-437 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Wang, Dabin & Tomek, William G., 2005. "Characterizing Distributions of Class III Milk Prices: Implications for Risk Management," 2005 Annual meeting, July 24-27, Providence, RI 19322, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    4. Tomek, William G. & Peterson, Hikaru Hanawa, 2000. "Risk Management In Agricultural Markets: A Survey," 2000 Producer marketing and Risk Management Conference, January 13-14, Orlando, FL 19580, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    5. Wilson, William W. & Wagner, Robert & Nganje, William E., 2003. "Strategic Hedging For Grain Processors," Agribusiness & Applied Economics Report 23637, North Dakota State University, Department of Agribusiness and Applied Economics.
    6. Bullock, David W. & Wilson, William W. & Dahl, Bruce L., 2007. "Strategic use of futures and options by commodity processors," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 578-591.
    7. Lence, Sergio H., 1995. "On the optimal hedge under unbiased futures prices," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 47(3-4), pages 385-388, March.
    8. Coble, Keith H. & Heifner, Richard G. & Zuniga, Manuel, 2000. "Implications Of Crop Yield And Revenue Insurance For Producer Hedging," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 25(02), December.
    9. Moschini, GianCarlo & Myers, Robert J., 2002. "Testing for constant hedge ratios in commodity markets: a multivariate GARCH approach," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 9(5), pages 589-603, December.
    10. Garcia, Philip & Adam, Brian D. & Hauser, Robert J., 1994. "The Use Of Mean-Variance For Commodity Futures And Options Hedging Decisions," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 19(01), July.
    11. repec:eee:reveco:v:51:y:2017:i:c:p:527-534 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Wojciechowski, Jan & Ames, Glenn C.W. & Turner, Steven C. & Miller, Bill R., 2000. "Marketing Of Cotton Fiber In The Presence Of Yield And Price Risk," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 32(03), December.
    13. Wong, Kit Pong, 2012. "Production and futures hedging with state-dependent background risk," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 177-184.
    14. Bajo, Emanuele & Barbi, Massimiliano & Romagnoli, Silvia, 2014. "Optimal corporate hedging using options with basis and production risk," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 56-71.
    15. Benninga, Simon Z. & Oosterhof, Casper M., 2004. "Hedging with forwards and puts in complete and incomplete markets," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 1-17, January.
    16. Sayle, James & Anderson, John D. & Coble, Keith H. & Hudson, Darren, 2006. "Optimal Hedging Strategies for Early-Planted Soybeans in the South," 2006 Annual meeting, July 23-26, Long Beach, CA 21200, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    17. Robison, Lindon J. & Hanson, Steven D., 1995. "Analyzing Firm Response to Risk Using Mean-Variance Models," Staff Papers 201207, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    18. Sakong, Yong, 1991. "Essays in nonparametric measures of changes in taste and hedging behavior with options," ISU General Staff Papers 1991010108000010679, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    19. Hanson, Steven D. & Myers, Robert J. & Hilker, James H., 1999. "Hedging With Futures And Options Under A Truncated Cash Price Distribution," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 31(03), December.
    20. Mahul, Olivier & Vermersch, Dominique, 1999. "Hedging Crop Risk With Yield Insurance Futures And Options," 1999 Annual meeting, August 8-11, Nashville, TN 21672, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    21. Lence, Sergio Horacio, 1991. "Dynamic firm behavior under uncertainty," ISU General Staff Papers 1991010108000010656, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    22. Frechette, Darren L., 2000. "Hedging With Futures And Options: A Demand Systems Approach," 2000 Conference, April 17-18 2000, Chicago, Illinois 18941, NCR-134 Conference on Applied Commodity Price Analysis, Forecasting, and Market Risk Management.
    23. Lim, Terence & Lo, Andrew W. & Merton, Robert C. & Scholes, Myron S., 2006. "The Derivatives Sourcebook," Foundations and Trends(R) in Finance, now publishers, vol. 1(5–6), pages 365-572, April.
    24. Manfredo, Mark R. & Richards, Timothy J., 2005. "Hedging Yield with Weather Derivatives: A Role for Options," 2005 Annual meeting, July 24-27, Providence, RI 19369, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    25. Novak, Frank S. & Viney, Bruce, 1995. "Alternative Pricing and Delivery Strategies for Alberta Cattle Feeders," Project Report Series 24044, University of Alberta, Department of Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology.

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